# How to find nth Occurrence with Multiple Criteria Using INDEX/MATCH

This post explains that how to **get the nth occurrence value with multiple criteria using INDEX and MATCH** in excel. How to find the first, second or nth match with multiple criteria in excel. How to return the nth match on a multiple criteria using INDEX and MATCH.

In the previous post, we talked that get the nth match value with only one criteria.

Also, we also talked that how to Lookup the Value with Multiple Criteria to find the first occurrence match in excel.

If you want to find the nth occurrence with multiple criteria, you can use a combination with the INDEX function, SMALL function, nested IF function and ROW function to create a complex excel formula like this:

=INDEX(Array,SMALL(IF(Range1=Criteria1,IF(Range2=Criteria2,IF(Range3=Criteria3,IF(Range4=Criteria4,IF(Range5=Criteria5,ROW(Array)-ROW(INDEX(Array,1))+1))))),nth))

For example, if you want to get the bonus value in the excel range D2:D10 that must meet two criteria, and the first one is that the member name is equal to the string “jenny” in the range A2:A10, and the second criteria is that the location is equal to “London” in the range B2:B10. So we can write down the following array formula:

=INDEX(D2:D10, SMALL(IF(A2:A10="jenny",IF(B2:B10="London", ROW(A2:A10)-ROW(INDEX(A2:A10,1,1))+1)),2))

**Note:** after entering this formula in the formula bar, you need to press **CTRL+SHIFT+Enter** key to convert it as array formula.

**Let’s see how this formula works:**

**=ROW(A2:A10)-ROW(INDEX(A2:A10,1,1))+1**

This formula returns the relative position of the range A2:A10, it returns an array result like this:

{1;2;3;4;5;6;7;8;9}

For More detailed description, you can continue to read this post: How to Find the Relative Position in a Range or Table

**=IF(A2:A10=”jenny”,IF(B2:B10=”London”, ROW(A2:A10)-ROW(INDEX(A2:A10,1,1))+1))**

This function is a nested IF function, it will check each item of range A2:A10 firstly and if it is equal to the string “jenny”, if TRUE, then continue to check each item of range B2:B10 if it is equal to the string “London”, if TRUE, return the relative position of row. Otherwise, return FALSE. So this formula returns an array result like this:

{FALSE;2;FALSE;FALSE;5;FALSE;FALSE;FALSE;FALSE}

**=SMALL(IF(A2:A10=”jenny”,IF(B2:B10=”London”, ROW(A2:A10)-ROW(INDEX(A2:A10,1,1))+1)),2)**

The SMALL function returns the second smallest value from the array result returned by the above nested IF function. It returns 5.

So far, we got the position of the second occurrence of bonus value that meet two criteria as requested above.

**=INDEX(D2:D10, SMALL(IF(A2:A10=”jenny”,IF(B2:B10=”London”, ROW(A2:A10)-ROW(INDEX(A2:A10,1,1))+1)),2))**

The INDEX function extract the values at a position that returned by the SMALL function. So it is the bonus value of the second occurrence in the range D2:D10. It is 165.

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