# Excel RATE Function

This post will guide you how to use **Excel RATE function** with syntax and examples in Microsoft excel.

### Description

The Excel RATE function returns the interest rate per payment period of an annuity.

The RATE function is a build-in function in Microsoft Excel and it is categorized as a Financial Function.

The RATE function is available in Excel 2016, Excel 2013, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2011 for Mac.

### Syntax

The syntax of the RATE function is as below:

=RATE(nper, pmt,pv,[fv],[type],[guess])

Where the RATE function arguments are:

**nPer**-This is a required argument. The total number of payments periods in an annuity**.****Pmt**– This is a required argument. The amount of the payment made each period.**Pv**– This is a required argument. The present value of the payments.**Fv**– This is an optional argument. The future value or a cash balance you want to attain after the last payment is made. If fv is omitted, it is assumed to be 0 (zero), that is, the future value of a loan is 0.**Type**– This is an optional argument. The number 0 (zero) or 1 and indicates when payments are due.

Set type equal to |
If payments are due |

0 or omitted | At the end of the period |

1 | At the beginning of the period |

**Guess**– This is an optional argument. An initial guess at the internal rate of return. if it is omitted, and it will be set as 0.1 or 10%.

**Note:**

- Make sure that you are consistent about the units you use for specifying rate and nper. If you make monthly payments on a four-year loan at an annual interest rate of 12 percent, use 12%/12 for rate and 4*12 for nper. If you make annual payments on the same loan, use 12 percent for rate and 4 for nper.

**Excel RATE Function Examples**

The below examples will show you how to use Excel RATE Function to calculate the interest rate per period of an annuity.

**#1** to get the monthly rate of the loan, using the following formula:

=RATE(B1*12,B2,B3)

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