Split Text and Numbers in Excel
This post explains how to split text and numbers in excel, or how to extract the text characters from another strings with text and numbers combined.
Split Text and Numbers
If you want to split text and numbers, you can run the following excel formula that use the MIN function, FIND function and the LEN function within the LEFT function in excel. And if you want to extract only numbers within string, then you also need to RIGHT function to combine with the above functions.
=LEFT(MIN(FIND({0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9},B1&"0123456789")))
To split the text and numbers, the key is to get the position of the first digit within the Cell B1, once the position of the first number is located, you can use the LEFT function or RIGHT function to extract text characters or just numbers.
Let’s see how the above formula works as below:
To get the position of the first number with the cell B1, and you can use the following formula:
=MIN(FIND({0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9},B1&"0123456789"))
The position of the first number is returned from the above Excel formula.
The Find function will locate the starting position of the first number within the cell B1. For the second argument in FIND function, the array constant is used, and the find function will use this array constant to perform a separate search for each number in the array. And then the returned value of the FIND function also will be an array that contains the position of all numbers in string. The MIN function will use the returned array value of the FIND function to get the minimal value, it is the position of the first number within the Cell B1.
To extract text characters within the Cell B1, using the following formula:
=LEFT(B1, MIN(FIND({0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9},B1&"0123456789"))1)
To extract numbers within the cell B1, using the following formula:
=RIGHT(B1,LEN(B1) MIN(FIND({0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9},B1&"0123456789"))+1)
The above formula is only works for the string of “text+number” pattern.
Split String with Numbers and Text combined (Number+Text)
If you need to split the string that the text characters appears after number, the key is to get the length of all numbers left to of the text characters in the Cell B1. Just using the following formula:
= SUM(LEN(B1)  LEN(SUBSTITUTE(B1, {0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9}, "")))
In the above formula, the SUBSTITUTE function will use the array constant {0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9}, it will perform a separate replace for each value in the array constant with new_text (empty string). Then it will return another array with 10 values. And the second LEN function will use the returned array values of SUBSTITUTE function to get the length of each string. The First LEN function will return the length of the cell B1. The SUM function will calculate the length of numbers with in Cell B1.
To extract numbers within cell B1, using the following formula:
=LEFT(B1,SUM(LEN(B1)LEN(SUBSTITUTE(B1,{0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9},""))))
To extract text within Cell B1, using the following formula:
=RIGHT(B1,LEN(B1) SUM(LEN(B1)LEN(SUBSTITUTE(B1, {0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9}, ""))))
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Related Functions
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