How to Look Up the Lowest Value in A List by VLOOKUP/INDEX/MATCH Functions in Excel
VLOOKUP function is very useful in our daily work and we can use it to look up match value in a range, then get proper returned value (the returned value may be just adjacent to the match value). Sometimes we only want to look up the lowest value among all matched values in the list and get its adjacent value, how can we do? This tutorial will help you to look up the lowest value in a list by VLOOKUP function. However, except VLOOKUP function, we can also use INDEX/MATCH functions together in some situations to look up the lowest value as well. Please see details below.
Precondition:
Prepare a table consists of name, score and range columns. Now we want to get the ‘Range’ of the lowest score.
Table of Contents
Method 1: Look Up the Lowest Value by VLOOKUP Function
Step 1: In E2, enter the formula =VLOOKUP(MIN(B2:B6),B2:C6,2,FALSE). As we want to find the ‘Range’ of the lowest score, we need to look up the lowest score among all score first, so we enter MIN(B2:B6) as lookup_value.
Step 2: Click Enter to get returned value in C column.
Comment:
1.If there are two duplicate lowest values, VLOOKUP function will look up the first match value and return its adjacent value.
2.This method only works well when returned value is listed in the right column.
Method 2: Look Up the Lowest Value by INDEX/MATCH Functions
In above example, if we want to know the name of the lowest score, VLOOKUP function doesn’t work. So we use INDEX and MATCH functions combination to look up the lowest value here.
Step 1: In B2, enter the formula =INDEX(A2:A6,MATCH(MIN(B2:B6),B2:B6,0)). MATCH function returns the location of cell, in this example it returns the lowest value’s row number. Then we can use INDEX function to get proper Name from A2:A6 refer to row number.
Step 2: Click Enter to get returned value.
Comment:
1.If there are two duplicate lowest values, INDEX/MATCH functions will look up the first match value and return its adjacent value.
2.This method works well for that returned value lists on the both sides of match value.
Related Functions

Excel INDEX function
The Excel INDEX function returns a value from a table based on the index (row number and column number)The INDEX function is a buildin function in Microsoft Excel and it is categorized as a Lookup and Reference Function.The syntax of the INDEX function is as below:= INDEX (array, row_num,[column_num])… 
Excel MAX function
The Excel MAX function returns the largest numeric value from the numbers that you provided. Or returns the largest value in the array.= MAX(num1,[num2,…numn])… 
Excel MIN function
The Excel MIN function returns the smallest numeric value from the numbers that you provided. Or returns the smallest value in the array.The MIN function is a buildin function in Microsoft Excel and it is categorized as a Statistical Function.The syntax of the MIN function is as below:= MIN(num1,[num2,…numn])…. 
Excel VLOOKUP function
The Excel VLOOKUP function lookup a value in the first column of the table and return the value in the same row based on index_num position.The syntax of the VLOOKUP function is as below:= VLOOKUP (lookup_value, table_array, column_index_num,[range_lookup])…. 
Excel MATCH function
The Excel MATCH function search a value in an array and returns the position of that item.The MATCH function is a buildin function in Microsoft Excel and it is categorized as a Lookup and Reference Function.The syntax of the MATCH function is as below:= MATCH (lookup_value, lookup_array, [match_type])….