## Excel TRUE Function

This post will guide you how to use Excel TRUE function with syntax and examples in Microsoft excel.

### Description

The Excel TRUE function return the logical value TRUE. And you can use the TRUE function when you want to return the TRUE value. For example, the formula: =IF(B1>5, TRUE()).

The TRUE function is a build-in function in Microsoft Excel and it is categorized as a Logical Function.

The TRUE function is available in Excel 2016, Excel 2013, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2003, Excel XP, Excel 2000, Excel 2011 for Mac.

### Syntax

The syntax of the TRUE function is as below:

`=TRUE ()`

There are no parameters or arguments for the TRUE function.

### Excel TRUE Function Examples

The below examples will show you how to use Excel TRUE Function to return the logical value TRUE

If you want to get the TRUE value, you just need to enter the word TRUE directly in to a cell or formula or you can enter the TRUE() function into a formula. And then it will be interpret as the logical value TRUE. Let’s see the below two formulas:

=IF(B1>1, TRUE())

or

=IF(B1>1, TRUE)

Related Functions

• Excel FALSE function
The Excel FALSE function returns the logical value “FALSE”.The FALSE function is a build-in function in Microsoft Excel and it is categorized as a Logical Function.The syntax of the FALSE function is as below:= FALSE ()…

## Excel OR Function

This post will guide you how to use Excel OR function with syntax and examples in Microsoft excel.

### Description

The Excel OR function used to test multiple conditions and returns TRUE if any of the conditions are TRUE. Otherwise, it will return FALSE. You can use the OR function as the logical test inside the IF function and it also can be combined with the AND function to create a new Excel Formula.

The OR function is a build-in function in Microsoft Excel and it is categorized as a Logical Function.

The OR function is available in Excel 2016, Excel 2013, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2003, Excel XP, Excel 2000, Excel 2011 for Mac.

### Syntax

The syntax of the OR function is as below:

`=OR(logical1, [logical2], ...)`

Where the OR function arguments are:

• logical1 – This is a required argument.  The first condition or logical value that you want to test.
• logical2 – This is an optional argument. The second condition or logical value that you want to test. And it can be up to 255 logical test argument in Excel 2007 or later. And it only can up to 30 arguments in excel 2003.

### Excel OR Function Examples

The below examples will show you how to use Excel OR Function to test a number of supplied conditions and return TRUE or FALSE.

1# To return TRUE if B1 is greater than 1 or less than 10, otherwise returns FALSE, using the following formula:

=OR(B1>1,B1<10)

2# to return the value in Cell B2 if it is greater than 1 or less 10, otherwise returns the message “this is not a value”, using the following formula:

=IF(OR(B1>1,B1<10), B2, “this is not a value”)

Related Functions

• Excel AND function
The Excel AND function returns TRUE if all of arguments are TRUE, and it returns FALSE if any of arguments are FALSE.The syntax of the AND function is as below:= AND (condition1,[condition2],…) …
• Excel IF function
The Excel IF function perform a logical test to return one value if the condition is TRUE and return another value if the condition is FALSE….

### Related Formulas

• Excel IF formula with NOT logical function
If you want to check several test conditions in an excel formula,then take different actions. You can use NOT function in combination with the AND or OR logical function in excel IF function….
• Excel IF formula with OR logical function
If you want to check if one of several conditions is met in your excel workbook, if the test is TRUE, then you can take certain action. You can use the IF function combining with OR function to construct a condition statement…
• Excel IF formula with AND & OR logical functions
If you want to test the result of cells based on several sets of multiple test conditions, you can use the IF function with the AND and OR functions at a time…

## Excel NOT Function

This post will guide you how to use Excel NOT function with syntax and examples in Microsoft excel.

### Description

The Excel NOT function returns the opposite of a given logical or Boolean value. For example, if you supplied with the value TRUE, the NOT function will return FALSE; If you supplied with the value FALSE, and the NOT function will TRUE. So you can use the NOT function to reverse the behavior of an expression or another function.

The NOT function is a build-in function in Microsoft Excel and it is categorized as a Logical Function.

The NOT function is available in Excel 2016, Excel 2013, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2003, Excel XP, Excel 2000, Excel 2011 for Mac.

### Syntax

The syntax of the NOT function is as below:

`=NOT(logical)`

Where the NOT function argument is:

• Logical -This is a required argument.  A logical value or expression that can be evaluated as TRUE or FALSE. And the supplied logical argument must be a logical or numeric value.

### Excel NOT Function Examples

The below examples will show you how to use Excel NOT Function to get the opposite to a supplied logical value or expression.

1# =NOT(B1>20)

If the Cell B1 value is greater than 20, then this formula will return FALSE. And if the Cell B1 value is smaller than 20, this formula will return TRUE

### Related Functions

• Excel OR function
The Excel OR function used to test multiple conditions and returns TRUE if any of the conditions are TRUE. Otherwise, it will return FALSE. The syntax of the OR function is as below:=OR(logical1, [logical2], …)…
• Excel AND function
The Excel AND function returns TRUE if all of arguments are TRUE, and it returns FALSE if any of arguments are FALSE.The syntax of the AND function is as below:= AND (condition1,[condition2],…) …
• Excel IF function
The Excel IF function perform a logical test to return one value if the condition is TRUE and return another value if the condition is FALSE….

### Related Formulas

• Excel IF formula with NOT logical function
If you want to check several test conditions in an excel formula,then take different actions. You can use NOT function in combination with the AND or OR logical function in excel IF function….

## Excel IF function check if the cell is blank or not-blank

If you want to check the value in one cell if it is blank or empty cell, then you can use IF function in combination with ISBLANK function or logical operator (equal to) in excel.

## Excel IF function check if the cell is blank

Let’s see the generic IF formula with ISBLANK function and Logical operator = as follows:

```=IF(ISBLANK(B1),"PASS","FAILED")
=IF(B1="","PASS","FAILED")```

In the above two IF formulas, it will return “PASS” if Cell B1 is blank, Otherwise returns “FAILED”.

## Excel IF function check if the cell is non-blank

If you want to check the value in one cell if it is not blank or not empty cell, then you can use IF function in combination with ISBLANK function or logical operator (not equal to) in excel.

let’s see the generic IF formula with ISBLANK function and Logical operator <> as follows:

```=IF(ISBLANK(B1)=FALSE,"PASS","FAILED")
=IF(B1<>"","PASS","FAILED")```

In the above two IF formulas, it will return “PASS” if Cell B1 is not blank, otherwise returns “FAILED”.

Let’s write a nested if function in combining with AND function and ISBLANK function to achieve the following test criteria.

IF cell A1 is greater than or equal to 10, then add to C1.

If Cell B1 is greather than or equal to 10, then subtract from C1.

If both A1 and b1 are blank cells, then equals to C1.

Based on the above logic, we can write down the following excel nested if formula (statement):

`=IF(A1>=0,C1+A1, IF(B1>=0,C1-B1, IF(AND(ISBLANK(A1)=TRUE, ISBLANK(B1)=TRUE),C1,"")))`

### Related Formulas

• Excel IF formula with operator : greater than,less than
Now we can use the above logical test with greater than operator. Let’s see the below generic if formula with greater than operator:=IF(A1>10,”excelhow.net”,”google”) …

• Excel IF function with text values
If you want to write an IF formula for text values in combining with the below two logical operators in excel, such as: “equal to” or “not equal to”…
• Excel IF Function With Numbers
If you want to check if a cell values is between two values or checking for the range of numbers or multiple values in cells, at this time, we need to use AND or OR logical function in combination with the logical operator and IF function…
• Excel IF function with Dates
If you have a list of dates and then want to compare to these dates with a specified date to check if those dates is greater than or less than that specified date. …

### Related Functions

• Excel AND function
The Excel AND function returns TRUE if all of arguments are TRUE, and it returns FALSE if any of arguments are FALSE.The syntax of the AND function is as below:= AND (condition1,[condition2],…) …
• Excel IF function
The Excel IF function perform a logical test to return one value if the condition is TRUE and return another value if the condition is FALSE….
• Excel nested if function
The nested IF function is formed by multiple if statements within one Excel if function. This excel nested if statement makes it possible for a single formula to take multiple actions…
• Excel ISBLANK function
The Excel ISBLANK function returns TRUE if the value is blank or null.The syntax of the ISBLANK function is as below:= ISBLANK (value)…

## Excel IF Function With Dates

If you have a list of dates and then want to compare to these dates with a specified date to check if those dates is greater than or less than that specified date. You can use the IF function in combination with logical operators and DATEVALUE function in Microsoft excel.

## Excel IF function combining with DATEVALUE function

Since that Excel cannot recognize the date formats and just interprets them as a text string. So you need to use DATAVALUE function and let Excel think that it is a Date value. For example: DATEVALUE(“11/3/2018”). Now we can write down the following IF formula with Dates.

The above excel IF formula will check the date value in Cell B1 if it is less than another specified date(11/3/2018), if the test is TRUE, then return “good”, otherwise return “bad”

## Excel IF function combining with DATE function

You can also use DATE function in an Excel IF statement to compare dates, like the below IF formula:

=IF(B1<=DATE(2018,11,3),”good”,””)

The above IF formula will check if the value in cell B1 is less than or equal to 11/3/2018 and show the returned value in cell C1, Otherwise show nothing.

## Excel IF function combining with TODAY function

If you want to compare the current date with the specified date in the past, you can use IF function in combination with TODAY function in Excel. Like the following IF formula:

We also can use the complex logical test using Today function, like this: B1-TODAY>10, it will check the date value in one cell if it is more than 10 days from now. Let’s combine this logical test in the IF formula as follow:

### Related Formulas

• Excel IF formula with operator : greater than,less than
Now we can use the above logical test with greater than operator. Let’s see the below generic if formula with greater than operator:=IF(A1>10,”excelhow.net”,”google”) …
• Excel IF function with text values
If you want to write an IF formula for text values in combining with the below two logical operators in excel, such as: “equal to” or “not equal to”…
• Excel IF Function With Numbers
If you want to check if a cell values is between two values or checking for the range of numbers or multiple values in cells, at this time, we need to use AND or OR logical function in combination with the logical operator and IF function…

### Related Functions

• Excel Date function
The Excel DATE function returns the serial number for a date.The syntax of the DATE function is as below:= DATE (year, month, day) …
• Excel IF function
The Excel IF function perform a logical test to return one value if the condition is TRUE and return another value if the condition is FALSE….

## Excel IF function with text values

Normally, If you want to write an IF formula for text values in combining with the below two logical operators in excel, such as: “equal to” or “not equal to”.

## Excel IF function check if a cell contains text(case-insensitive)

By default, IF function is case-insensitive in excel. It means that the logical text for text values will do not recognize case in the IF formulas. For example, the following two IF formulas will get the same results when checking the text values in cells.

```=IF(B1="excel","yes","no")
=IF(B1="EXCEl","yes","no")```

The IF formula will check the values of cell B1 if it is equal to “excel” word, If it is TRUE, then return “yes”, otherwise return “no”. And the logical test in the above IF formula will check the text values in the logical_test argument, whatever the logical_test values are “Excel”, “eXcel”, or “EXCEL”, the IF formula don’t care about that if the text values is in lowercase or uppercase, It will get the same results at last.

## Excel IF function check if a cell contains text (case-sensitive)

If you want to check text values in cells using IF formula in excel (case-sensitive), then you need to create a case-sensitive logical test and then you can use IF function in combination with EXACT function to compare two text values. So if those two text values are exactly the same, then return TRUE. Otherwise return FALSE.

So we can write down the following IF formula combining with EXACT function:

`=IF(EXACT(B1,"excel"),"yes","no")`

## Excel IF function check if part of cell matches specific text

If you want to check if part of text values in cell matches the specific text rather than exact match, to achieve this logic text, you can use IF function in combination with ISNUMBER and SEARCH Function in excel.

Both ISNUMBER and SEARCH functions are case-insensitive in excel.

`=IF(ISNUMBER(SEARCH("x",B1)),"good","bad")`

For above the IF formula, it will Check to see if B1 contain the letter x.

Also, we can use FIND function to replace the SEARCH function in the above IF formula. It will return the same results.

## Excel IF function with Wildcards text value

If you wan to use wildcard charcter in an IF formula, for example, if any of the values in column B contains “*xc*”, then return “good”, others return “bad”. You can not directly use the wildcard characters in IF formula, and we can use IF function in combination with COUNTIF function. Let’s see the following IF formula:

`=IF(COUNTIF(B1:B4,"*xc*"), "good","bad")`

### Related Formulas

• Excel IF Function With Numbers
If you want to check if a cell values is between two values or checking for the range of numbers or multiple values in cells, at this time, we need to use AND or OR logical function in combination with the logical operator and IF function…

### Related Functions

• Excel EXACT function
The Excel SEARCH function returns the number of the starting location of a substring in a text string.The syntax of the EXACT function is as below:= EXACT (text1,text2)…
• Excel COUNTIF function
The Excel COUNTIF function will count the number of cells in a range that meet a given criteria.= COUNTIF (range, criteria) …
• Excel ISNUMBER function
The Excel ISNUMBER function returns TRUE if the value in a cell is a numeric value, otherwise it will return FALSE.
• Excel IF function
The Excel IF function perform a logical test to return one value if the condition is TRUE and return another value if the condition is FALSE….
• Excel SEARCH function
The Excel SEARCH function returns the number of the starting location of a substring in a text string.…

## Excel IF Function With Numbers

Normally, If you want to write an IF formula for numbers in combining with the  logical operators in excel, such as: greater than, less than, greater than or equal to, less than or equal to, equal to, not equal to.etc.

The generic IF formula with logical operator for number values is as below:

`=IF(B1>10,”good”,”bad”)`

## Excel IF formula for range of numbers

If you want to check if a cell values is between two values or checking for the range of numbers or multiple values in cells, at this time, we need to use AND or OR logical function in combination with the logical operator and IF function.

For example, you need to check if the value in cell B1 is between values in Cell A1 and A3, then we can write down the following excel IF formula:

`=IF(AND(B1>A1,B1<A3),"good","bad")`

We can enter the above formula into the formula bar in the cell C1 and then press the Enter key. And rag the Fill Handle to the range C1:C3.it will apply for the other cells for this formula.

## Excel IF formula for negative numbers

If you want to create an IF formula to display some text string in cells if the value in cell falls between the range negative numbers -10 to positive numbers 10.

Actually, whatever negative numbers or positive numbers, we still can use AND or OR logical function to create a logical test in IF formula. we can write down the following IF formula:

`=IF(AND(B1>-10, B1<10),”good”,”bad”)`

Also, we can use another excel function ABS() to achieve the same results. Let’s see the below IF formula in combination with ABS function.

`=IF(ABS(B1)<10,”good”,”bad”)`

### Related Formulas

• Excel IF formula with operator : greater than,less than
Now we can use the above logical test with greater than operator. Let’s see the below generic if formula with greater than operator:=IF(A1>10,”excelhow.net”,”google”) …
• Excel IF function with text values
If you want to write an IF formula for text values in combining with the below two logical operators in excel, such as: “equal to” or “not equal to”.
• Excel IF function with Dates
If you have a list of dates and then want to compare to these dates with a specified date to check if those dates is greater than or less than that specified date. …
• Excel IF Function With Numbers
If you want to check if a cell values is between two values or checking for the range of numbers or multiple values in cells, at this time, we need to use AND or OR logical function in combination with the logical operator and IF function…

### Related Functions

• Excel AND function
The Excel AND function returns TRUE if all of arguments are TRUE, and it returns FALSE if any of arguments are FALSE.The syntax of the AND function is as below:= AND (condition1,[condition2],…) …
• Excel IF function
The Excel IF function perform a logical test to return one value if the condition is TRUE and return another value if the condition is FALSE….
• Excel nested if function
The nested IF function is formed by multiple if statements within one Excel if function. This excel nested if statement makes it possible for a single formula to take multiple actions…
• Excel ABS function
The Excel ABS function returns the absolute value of a number

## Excel IF formula with NOT logical function

This post will guide you how to use excel if formula with NOT logical function in Microsoft excel.

## NOT Logical Function

The syntax of NOT logical function is as follow:

`=NOT(logical_value)`

The NOT logical function will return the reversed logical value. If the logical_value is TRUE, then FALSE is returned. If the logical_value is FALSE, then TRUE is returned. Let’s see the below two examples:

```=NOT(FALSE)
=NOT(2+1=3)```

Both of the above excel formulas will return TRUE.

## Excel IF Formula Combining With NOT

If you want to check several test conditions in an excel formula,then take different actions. You can use NOT function in combination with the AND or OR logical function in excel IF function.

Let’s see the following excel if formula:

`=IF(NOT(OR(B1="red",B1="black")),TRUE,FALSE)`

In the above formula, the excel formula will exclude both red and blank colors. It will check cells in column B if the values is NOT red or blank. TRUE or FALSE will be returned.

Actually, we also can use the Not equal to (<>) logical operator to achieve the same requirement , For example, we can write down the following excel IF formula to reflect the above logic test.

`=IF(AND(B1<>”red”,B1<>”black”)),TRUE,FALSE)`

## NOT Function combining with ISBLANK function

As you know, the function ISBLANK(B1) will return TRUE if the cell B1 is blank. If we use NOT function to enclose ISBLANK(B1) function, it will reverse the result, if the cell is blank, then returns FALSE.

Let’s create a nested IF statement with the NOT and ISBLANK functions as follow:

`=IF(NOT(ISBLANK(B1)),B1*5,””)`

For above IF statement, IF the cell B1 is not blank, then multiply the number in B1 by 5.we can enter the above formula into cell C1, and then drag the Fill Handle to the range C1:C3.it will apply for the other cells for this formula.

### Related Functions

• Excel OR function
The Excel OR function returns TRUE if any of the conditions are TRUE in logic test. Otherwise, it returns FALSE.
• Excel AND function
The Excel AND function returns TRUE if all of arguments are TRUE, and it returns FALSE if any of arguments are FALSE.The syntax of the AND function is as below:= AND (condition1,[condition2],…) …
• Excel IF function
The Excel IF function perform a logical test to return one value if the condition is TRUE and return another value if the condition is FALSE….
• Excel nested if function
The nested IF function is formed by multiple if statements within one Excel if function. This excel nested if statement makes it possible for a single formula to take multiple actions…
• Excel ISBLANK function
The Excel ISBLANK function returns TRUE if the value is blank or null.The syntax of the ISBLANK function is as below:= ISBLANK (value)…
• Excel NOT function
The Excel NOT function returns the opposite of a given logical or Boolean value. For example, if you supplied with the value TRUE, the NOT function will return FALSE; If you supplied with the value FALSE, and the NOT function will TRUE. The syntax of the NOT function is as below:=NOT(logical)…

## Excel IF formula with operator : greater than,less than

This post will guide you how to use if function with “greater than”,  “greater than or equal to”, ”less than” and “less than or equal to” logical operators in excel.

## Greater than, Greater than or equal to, Less than, less than or equal to

The “greater than”(>)operator will compare the size of two different values in cells and then return TRUE if the first value in cells compared is larger than the second values in cells. FALSE if they are not.

The “greater than or equal to” (>=) operator will return TRUE if the first value in cells is larger than the second or if the two values are equal.

The “Less than” operator returns TRUE if the first value in cell is smaller than the second value in cells.

The “Less than or equal to” operator returns TRUE if the first value in cell is smaller than the second of the two values are equal.

Those excel comparison operators mostly used to compare numbers, date and time values.

Also, we can use those operators to compare text string, and it will compare the value of the first letters in the text string. And if the first letters are same, it will compare the second letters and so on.

Let’s see the below excel if formula with greater than operator:

 Formula example Description =A1>10 Returns True if a number value in cell A1 is greater than 10, FALSE if they are not. =A1>=(B1*2) Returns True if a number value in cell A1 is greater than or equal to the value of  B1*2, FALSE if they are not. =A1

## The Generic IF formula with Greater than operator

Now we can use the above logical test with greater than operator. Let’s see the below generic if formula with greater than operator:

`=IF(A1>10,”excelhow.net”,”google”)`

If you want to take the different action when a value in cells is greater than a certain value (it can be number, text, date or another function), then you can use the IF function with greater than operator to make a logical test and return one value if the logical test condition is true, or return another value if the logical test condition is false.

For the above IF formula, it just tests the value in cell A1 to check if the value is greater than 10. If TRUE, the IF formula will return “excelhow.net”. If FALSE, the IF function will return “google”.

You might want to return “excelhow.net” if the test condition is TRUE. Or return nothing if the test returns FALSE. You can use an empty string (“”) as False value in the IF function, see below if formula:

`=IF(A1>10,”excelhow.net”,””)`

## The Generic IF formula with Greater than or equal to operator

`=IF(A1>=(B1*2),”excelhow.net”,”google”)`

## The Generic IF formula with less than operator

`=IF(A1<DATEVALUE(“10/30/2018”),”excelhow.net”,”google”)`

## The Generic IF formula with Greater than operator

`=IF(A1<=”excelhow”,”excelhow.net”,”google”)`

### Related Functions

• Excel AND function
The Excel AND function returns TRUE if all of arguments are TRUE, and it returns FALSE if any of arguments are FALSE.The syntax of the AND function is as below:= AND (condition1,[condition2],…) …
• Excel IF function
The Excel IF function perform a logical test to return one value if the condition is TRUE and return another value if the condition is FALSE….
• Excel nested if function
The nested IF function is formed by multiple if statements within one Excel if function. This excel nested if statement makes it possible for a single formula to take multiple actions…
• Excel DATEVALUE Function
The Excel DATEVALUE function returns the serial number of date. And it can be used to convert a date represented as text format into a serial number that recognizes as a date format.The syntax of the DATEVALUE function is as below:=DATEVALUE(date_text)…

## Excel IF formula with AND & OR logical functions

If you want to test the result of cells based on several sets of multiple test conditions, you can use the IF function with the AND and OR functions at a time.

Assuming that you have the following test logic to check the exam scores:

Logic test1: 60<=B1<=70

Logic test2: 60<=C1<=70

If any of the above conditions are met, then mark the result as “good”, otherwise, mark the result as “bad”. We need to use two AND functions to reflect the above two logical test and enclose them in the OR function as one logical test in the Excel IF formula. Let’s write down the below IF formula with AND & OR logical functions:

`=IF(OR(AND(B1>=60,B1<=70),AND(C1>=60,C1<=70)),"good","bad") `

Let’s see another IF formula with AND and OR functions as follows:

`=IF(AND(B1="tom",OR(C1>=60,D1>=60)),"pass","")`

When B1 is equal to “tom”, and either C1 is greater than or equal to “60” or D1 is greater than or equal to 60, the formula returns “pass”. Otherwise, the formula will return an empty string.

If we just want to check the cells where the value in column B is “tom” AND the score in column C is greater than or equal to 60. If you want to return TRUE, you can use the below logical test statement with the AND function:

`AND(B1="tom",C1>=60)`

Next, we can extend the above statement, we want to check the cells if the values in column B is “tom” AND the scores in column C or column D is greater than or equal to 60. Then we can nest the OR function in the above AND function like below:

`AND(B1="tom",OR(C1>=60,D1>=60))`

### Related Formulas

• Excel IF formula with equal to logical operator
The “Equal to” logical operator can be used to compare the below data types, such as: text string, numbers, dates, Booleans.  This section will guide you how to use “equal to” logical operator in excel IF formula with text string value and dates value…
• Excel IF formula with OR logical function
If you want to check if one of several conditions is met in your excel workbook, if the test is TRUE, then you can take certain action. You can use the IF function combining with OR function to construct a condition statement…
• Excel IF formula with AND logical function
You can use the IF function combining with AND function to construct a condition statement. If the test is FALSE, then take another action…

### Related Functions

• Excel AND function
The Excel AND function returns TRUE if all of arguments are TRUE, and it returns FALSE if any of arguments are FALSE.The syntax of the AND function is as below:= AND (condition1,[condition2],…) …
• Excel OR function
The Excel OR function used to test multiple conditions and returns TRUE if any of the conditions are TRUE. Otherwise, it will return FALSE. The syntax of the OR function is as below:=OR(logical1, [logical2], …)…
• Excel IF function
The Excel IF function perform a logical test to return one value if the condition is TRUE and return another value if the condition is FALSE….
• Excel nested if function
The nested IF function is formed by multiple if statements within one Excel if function. This excel nested if statement makes it possible for a single formula to take multiple actions…

## Excel IF formula with OR logical function

This post will guide you how to use IF function combining with OR logical function in Excel.

If you want to check if one of several conditions is met in your excel workbook, if the test is TRUE, then you can take certain action. You can use the IF function combining with OR function to construct a condition statement. If the test is FALSE, then take another action.

## Excel formula using IF & OR function

The syntax of OR function in excel is as follow:

`=OR(condition1,[condition2],...)`

The Excel OR function returns TRUE if any of the conditions are TRUE in logic test. Otherwise, it returns FALSE.

Now we want to check the results of two exam scores where the first score in cell A1 is greater than or equal to 40 OR the second score in cell B1 is greater than or equal to 50. If any of conditions are TRUE, then returns the text of “good”, and if FALSE returns “bad”.

Based on the above logic, we can write down the below IF formula:

`=IF(OR(A1=”40”,B1=”50”),”good”, ”bad”)`

We can enter the above formula into cell D1, and then drag the Fill Handle to the range D1:D3.it will apply for the other cells for this formula.

So the difference from the IF&AND formula discussed in the previous post is that the IF&OR formula will return TRUE if any of conditions are true.

In the above formula, we just want to check both A1 and B1 cells, the Excel will take an action when the result of test condition is TRUE. In this case, we will add “good” text in the D1 cell. If the test condition is FALSE, assuming that you do not want to display anything in the cell D1, then we can write down the following excel if formula:

`=IF(OR(A1=”40”,B1=”50”),”good”,””)`

Normally, you can use as many AND/OR logical functions as your logic requires, but there is limitation for argument numbers, we can follow the below limitation for excel formula:

1. No more than 255 arguments in Microsoft excel 2016,2013,2010 and 2007
2. No more than 8192 characters in Microsoft excel 2016,2013,2010 and 2007
3. No more than 30 arguments and the length of formula should not exceed 1024 characters in Microsoft excel 2003 or lower version.

### Related Functions

• Excel OR function
The Excel OR function returns TRUE if any of the conditions are TRUE in logic test. Otherwise, it returns FALSE.
• Excel AND function
The Excel AND function returns TRUE if all of arguments are TRUE, and it returns FALSE if any of arguments are FALSE.The syntax of the AND function is as below:= AND (condition1,[condition2],…) …
• Excel IF function
The Excel IF function perform a logical test to return one value if the condition is TRUE and return another value if the condition is FALSE….
• Excel nested if function
The nested IF function is formed by multiple if statements within one Excel if function. This excel nested if statement makes it possible for a single formula to take multiple actions…

## Excel IF formula with AND logical function

This post will guide you how to use IF function combining with AND logical function in Excel.

If you want to check if a value in cell match two or more conditions at the same time, if the test is TRUE, then you can take certain action. You can use the IF function combining with AND function to construct a condition statement. If the test is FALSE, then take another action.

## Excel formula using IF & AND function

The syntax of AND function in excel is as follow:

`=AND(condition1,[condition2],...)`

The Excel AND function returns TRUE if all of arguments are TRUE, and it returns FALSE if any of arguments are FALSE.

Now we want to check the results of two exam scores where the first score in cell A1 is greater than or equal to 60 AND the second score in cell B1 is greater than or equal to 80. If both conditions are TRUE, then returns the text of “good”, and if FALSE returns “bad”. Based on the above logic, we can write down the below IF formula:

`=IF(AND(A1=60,B1=80),"good","bad")`

We can enter the above formula into cell D1, and then drag the Fill Handle to the range D1:D3.it will apply for the other cells for this formula.

The logic test will check the two different cells in the above IF formula, if we can run two or more tests on the same cell. Of course yes, for example, if you want to check cell A1 if the value in cell A1 is greater than 60 but less than or equal to 70. If the test is TRUE, then take one action.

The logical test we can use for above logic as below:

`=AND(A1>60, A1<=70)`

IF formula:

`=IF(AND(A1>60,A1<=70),”good”,””)`

In this formula, if the test is FALSE, we just add an empty string (“”), IF the test is TRUE, the test string of “good” will appear.

Note: The AND function will check all test conditions in excel, even if one of the already tested conditions has a value of FALSE. This behavior is different with other programming languages. If any previous test conditions return FALSE, the subsequent conditions will not be tested.

For example: If the value of Cell B1 is 0, then the below IF&AND formula will return error message as “Divide by Zero Error”.

`=IF(AND(B1<>0,(1/B1)>0.2),”A”,”D”))`

As mentioned above, the AND function will check all conditions. To avoid this issue, we can use a nested IF function and check if the value of Cell B1 is not equal to 0 in the first IF statement.

The nested if formula is as below:

`=IF(B1<>0,IF((1/B1>0.2),”A”,”D”))`

### Related Formulas

• Excel IF formula with equal to logical operator
The “Equal to” logical operator can be used to compare the below data types, such as: text string, numbers, dates, Booleans.  This section will guide you how to use “equal to” logical operator in excel IF formula with text string value and dates value…
• Excel IF formula with OR logical function
If you want to check if one of several conditions is met in your excel workbook, if the test is TRUE, then you can take certain action. You can use the IF function combining with OR function to construct a condition statement…
• Excel IF formula with AND & OR logical functions
If you want to test the result of cells based on several sets of multiple test conditions, you can use the IF function with the AND and OR functions at a time…

### Related Functions

• Excel AND function
The Excel AND function returns TRUE if all of arguments are TRUE, and it returns FALSE if any of arguments are FALSE.The syntax of the AND function is as below:= AND (condition1,[condition2],…) …
• Excel IF function
The Excel IF function perform a logical test to return one value if the condition is TRUE and return another value if the condition is FALSE….
• Excel nested if function
The nested IF function is formed by multiple if statements within one Excel if function. This excel nested if statement makes it possible for a single formula to take multiple actions…

## Excel IF formula with “Equal to” logical operators

The “Equal to” logical operator can be used to compare the below data types, such as: text string, numbers, dates, Booleans.  This section will guide you how to use “equal to” logical operator in excel IF formula with text string value and dates value.

 Formula example Description =IF(A1=B1,“TRUE”,”FALSE”) Returns TRUE if a value in cell A1 is equal to the value in cell B1, FALSE if not. =IF(A1=”excehow”,”TRUE”,”FALSE”) Returns TRUE if a value in cell A1 is equal to “excelhow”, FALSE if not. =IF(A1=TRUE,”TRUE”,”FALSE”) Returns TRUE if a value in cell A1 is equal to TRUE, FALSE if not. =IF(A1=(B1/5),”TRUE”,”FALSE”) Returns TRUE if a value in cell A1 is equal to the quotient of the division of B1 by 5, FALSE if not.

## The Generic IF formula using “equal to” logical operators with text values

Let’ see the below formula:

`=IF(B1=”excelhow”,True_result, False_result)`

If you want to do some special action when a value in a cell equal to a certain value, then you can use IF function with logical operator to constructing a condition statement. If the condition statement is true, then do some action.

The logical test is B1=”excelhow”in the above formula, and if cell B1 is equal to the string “excelhow”, then returns “True_results“； If FALSE, return “False_result”.

We want to set the value in Cell D1, we only need to take action when the condition test is TRUE. Here, we will add“True_result” string to Cell D1 when the value in cell B1 is “excelhow”. If the value in cell B1 is not “excelhow”, then we will add “False_result” string into Cell D1.

## The Generic IF formula using “equal to “   logical operators with dates value

If the cells B1 and B2 contain the date value “10/29/2018”, if we use logic test B1=”10/29/2018” in the formula =B1=”10/29/2018”, you will get the FALSE result. Or if you use logic test B1=B2 in formula =B1=B2, then it will return TRUE.

So if you want to check one value in cells, you must use DATEVALUE function to warp a date to compare with a specific date value. For example: =B1=DATEVALUE(“10/29/2018”), at this time, it will return TRUE.

Now we can write a Generic IF formula using “equal to” with date value as follows:

`=IF(B1= DATEVALUE(“10/29/2018”),”excelhow”,”google”)`

## The Generic IF formula using “equal to “   logical operators with Boolean values and numbers

The Boolean value of TRUE Values equates to 1 and The FALSE value is equal to 0.

When writing a logical test using “equal to” operator that compares a Boolean value and a number. Assuming that using the logical test “1=True”, you will get the False result. it’s not our expected result.  At this time, you can use the double minus sign in the front of a Boolean value in a logical test. For example:”1=–TRUE

`=IF(A1=--B1,"excelhow.net","google.com")`

### Related Formulas

• Excel IF formula with operator : greater than,less than
how to use if function with “greater than”,  “greater than or equal to”, ”less than” and “less than or equal to” logical operators in excel.Let’s see the below generic if formula with greater than operator:=IF(A1>10,”excelhow.net”,”google”) …

### Related Functions

• Excel IF function
The Excel IF function perform a logical test to return one value if the condition is TRUE and return another value if the condition is FALSE….
• Excel nested if function
The nested IF function is formed by multiple if statements within one Excel if function. This excel nested if statement makes it possible for a single formula to take multiple actions…

## Excel nested if statements with ranges

Many people usually asked that how to write an excel nested if statements based on multiple ranges of cells to return different values in a cell? How to nested if statement using date ranges? How to use nested if statement between different values in excel 2013 or 2016?

This post will guide you how to understand excel nested if statements through some classic examples.

## Nested IF statements based on multiple ranges

Assuming that you want to reflect the below request through nested if statements:

a) If 1<B1<0, Then return 0.1

b) If 0.99<B1<5, then return 0.15

c) If 4.99<B1<15, then return 0.2

d) If 14.99<B1<30, then return 0.5

So if B1 cell was “14.5”, then the formula should be returned “0.2” in the cell.

From above logic request, we can get that it need 4 if statements in the excel formula, and there are multiple ranges so that we can combine with logical function AND in the nested if statements.  The below is the nested if statements that I have tested.

`=IF(AND(B1>0,B1<1),0.1,IF(AND(B1>0.99, B1<5),0.15, IF(AND(B1>4.99,B1<15),0.2, IF(AND(B1>14.99,B1<30),0.5,””))))`

If you don’t want to use AND function in the above nested if statement, can try the below formula:

`=IF(B1<1,0.1, If(B1<5,0.15,IF(B1<15,0.2,IF(B1<30,0.5,””))))`

## Nested IF Statement Using Date Ranges

I want to write a nested IF statement to calculated the right Quarter based one the criteria in the below table.

According to the request, we need to compare date ranges, such as: if B1<E2<C1, then return A1.

So we can consider to use AND logical function in the nested if statement. The formula is as follows:

`=IF(AND(E2>B1,E2<C1),A1,IF(AND(E2>B2,E2<C2),A2,IF(AND(E2>B3,E2<C3),A3,IF(AND(E2>B4,E2<C3),A4))))`

Or we can use INDEX function and combine with MATCH Function to get the right quarter.

`=INDEX(\$A\$1:\$A\$4,MATCH(E2,\$B\$1:\$B\$4,1))`

## Nested IF Statements For A Range Of Cells

If you have the following requirement and need to write a nested IF statement in excel:

If any of the cells A1 to C1 contain “excelhow”, then return “excelhow” in the cell E1.

If any of the cells A1 to C1 contain “google”, then return “excelhow” in the cell E1.

If any of the cells A1 to C1 contain “ibm”, then return “ibm” in the cell E1.

If any of the cells A1 to C1 contain “Cloud”, then return “ibm” in the cell E1.

How to check if cell ranges A1:C1 contain another string, using “COUNTIF” function is a good choice.

Countif function: Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given criteria

Let’s try to test the below nested if statement:

`=IF(OR(COUNTIF(A3:C3,"excelhow")>0,COUNTIF(A3:C3,"google")>0),"excelhow",IF(OR(COUNTIF(A3:C3,"ibm")>0,COUNTIF(A3:D3,"cloud")>0),"ibm",""))`

## Nested IF Statement between different values

Assuming you have the following different range values, if the B1 has the value 65, then expected to return “under average”in cell C1, if the Cell B1 has the value 75, then return “average” in cell C1. And if the Cell B1 has the value 85, then return “above average” in the cell C1.

 0-70 under average 71-80 average 81-100 above average

How do I format the nested if statement in Cell C1 to display the right value? Just try to use the below nested if function or using INDEX function.

`=IF(B1< 0,"",IF(B1<= 70, "under average",IF(B1<=80, "Average", IF(B1<=100,"Above Average",""))))`

### Related Functions

• Excel IF function
The Excel IF function perform a logical test to return one value if the condition is TRUE and return another value if the condition is FALSE. The IF function is a build-in function in Microsoft Excel and it is categorized as a Logical Function.The syntax of the IF function is as below:= IF (condition, [true_value], [false_value])….
• Excel nested if function
The nested IF function is formed by multiple if statements within one Excel if function. This excel nested if statement makes it possible for a single formula to take multiple actions…
• Excel AND function
The Excel AND function returns TRUE if all of arguments are TRUE, and it returns FALSE if any of arguments are FALSE.The syntax of the AND function is as below:= AND (condition1,[condition2],…) …
• Excel COUNTIF function
The Excel COUNTIF function will count the number of cells in a range that meet a given criteria.This function can be used to count the different kinds of cells with number, date, text values, blank, non-blanks, or containing specific characters.etc.The syntax of the COUNTIF function is as below:= COUNTIF (range, criteria) …
• Excel INDEX function
The Excel INDEX function returns a value from a table based on the index (row number and column number)The INDEX function is a build-in function in Microsoft Excel and it is categorized as a Lookup and Reference Function.The syntax of the INDEX function is as below:= INDEX (array, row_num,[column_num])…
• Excel MATCH  function
The Excel MATCH function search a value in an array and returns the position of that item.The MATCH function is a build-in function in Microsoft Excel and it is categorized as a Lookup and Reference Function.The syntax of the MATCH function is as below:= MATCH  (lookup_value, lookup_array, [match_type])….

## Excel Nexted IF Functions (Statements) Tutorial (15 IF Formulas examples)

This tutorial will guide you how to use nested Excel IF function  (include multiple If statements in excel formula) with syntax and provide about 15 nested IF formula examples with the detailed explanation in Microsoft excel.

## Description

The Excel IF function perform a logical test to return one value if the condition statement is TRUE and return another value if the condition statement is FALSE. The IF function is a build-in function in Microsoft Excel and it is categorized as a Logical Function.

The excel if function just only test one condition and if you want to deal with more than one condition and return different actions depending on the result of the tests,  then you need to include several IF statements (functions) in one excel IF formula, these multiple IF statements are also called Excel Nested IF formula(Nested IFs). It’s also similar with IF-THEN-ELSE statement.

The nested IF function is formed by multiple if statements within one Excel if function. This excel nested if statement makes it possible for a single formula to take multiple actions.

The most recent versions of Excel (Excel 2016, Excel 2013, Excel 2010 and Excel 2007) allow 64 IF functions (statements) in one formula, and it was only possible up to 7 nested IF functions (statements) in Excel 2003 and lower version.

## Syntax

The syntax of Nested IF function is as below:

`=IF(Condition_1,Value_if_True_1,IF(Condition_2,Value_if_True_2,Value_if_False_2))`

Where the Nested IF function argument is:

Condition_1 –  The condition that you want to test  in the first IF statement.

Value_if_True_1 – The value that is returned if first IF statement is True. If the condition_1 return False, then move into the next IF function.

Condition_2 – The condition that you want to test in the second IF statement.

Value_if_True_2 – The value that is returned if second IF statement is True.

Value_if_False_2 – The value is returned if second IF statement is False.

This is equivalent to the following IF THEN ELSE statement:

```IF Condition_1 THEN
Value_if_True_1
ELSEIF Condition_2
Value_if_True_2
ELSE
Value_if_False_2
END IF```

## Examples of Nested IF function (Statement) in Excel

The below examples will show you how to use Excel Nested IF function with the detailed explanation of their syntax and logic.

Example 1#  The most basic Nested IF function with one level of nesting

If you want to write a nested if function to test the following calculation logic for assigning value in the cell A1.

```IF A1 =="excelhow" THEN
return "excel"
ELSEIF A1 == "excelhow.net" THEN
return "MS excel"
ELSE
return "MS"
END IF```

we can write a nested IF function based on the above logic as follows:

`=IF(A1="excelhow", "excel", IF(A1="excelhow.net","MS excel","MS"))`

In above Nested IF formula, the nested if function is shown with bold style and it is inside the outer IF function. we can see that if A1 is not equal to the “excelhow“, then the second nested  IF function will be test. and if second IF condition statement return FALSE, then the entire IF function will return “MS” value.

Example 2#  The Nested IF function with two levels of nesting

Assuming that you want to test more than one condition statement in the above nested if function, add one condition to test if the value of the cell A1 reference is equal to “www.excelhow.net” , If TRUE, then return “Microsot excel“.

The calculation Logic is as below:

```IF A1 =="excelhow" THEN
return "excel"
ELSEIF A1 == "excelhow.com" THEN
return "MS excel"
ELSEIF A1 == "www.excelhow.net" THEN
return "Microsoft excel"
ELSE
return "MS"
END IF```

we can add one more IF statement inside the second IF function in the above excel nested if formula in example1. let’s see the below nested if function with tow level nesting:

`=IF(A1="excelhow", "excel", IF(A1="excelhow.com","MS excel",IF(A1="www.excelhow.net","Microsoft excel","MS")))`

In the above nested excel IF formula, the first nested if function is marked with red color, and the second nested excel if function is marked with blue color.

If the both first and second conditions are False and the third IF condition will be check, IF A1 is equal to “www.excelhow.net” , then return “Microsoft excel“, or the entire nested IF formula will return “MS“.

Example 3#  Describes the each IF function contained in the nested IF function

​We will use one typical example of excel nested if function to describe each IF function included in the nested if function.

Assuming that you need to assign a grade based on a score with the following test conditions:

Let’s write a nested if function based on the above logic as follows:

`=IF(A1>=80, "excellent", IF(A1>=60, "good", IF(A1>0, "bad", "no valid score")))`

For the above excel if formula, lets describe it for each IF function statement.

1# IF Cell A1 is greater than or equal to 80, then the formula will return “excellent” or move to the second If function.

2# If Cell A1 is greater than or equal to 60, then the formula will return  “good” or move to the third IF function

3# IF Cell A1 is greater than 0, then the formula will return “bad”, or the IF function will return “no valid score”.

Example 4#  Describes each If function in the excel Nested IF Statement (another simple example of if function)

Let’s describe the below Nested IF Function example:

`=IF(A1<=6,60, IF(A1<=8,80,IF(A1<=10,100,200)))`

a) If cell A1 is equal to 6 or less than 6, then return value 60 in cell C1. Let’s see below screenshot.

b) If Cell A1 is greater than 6 and less or equal to 8, then retrun value 80 in Cell C1.

c) If cell A1 is greater than 8 and less than or equal to 10, then return value 100 in cell C1.

d) If cell A1 is greater than 10 , then the Nested if function will return the last value “200”in cell C1.

Example 5#  Excel Nested IF function with arithmetic operator (+, -, * , /)

Assuming that you want to write a Nested If function to reflect the following logic tasks:

a) IF Cell A1 is less than 10, then multiply by 10.

b) IF Cell A1 is greater than or equal to 10 but less than 20, then add 20

c) IF Cell A1 is greater than or equal to 20 but less than 30, then minus 20

d) IF Cell A1 is greater than or equal to 30 but less than 50, then divided by 20

The nested IF formula is as follows:

`=IF(A1<10,A1*10,IF(A1<20,A1+20,IF(A1<30,A1-20,IF(A1<50,A1/20))))`

a1) if Cell A1 is less 10 (A1=5), then the first If condition matched and will take multiply action, A1 * 10=5*10=50, so it will return 50 in the cell C1

b1) if Cell 10<=A1<20 (A1=15), then the second if condition matched and will take add action, A1+20=15+20=35, so it will return 35 in the cell C1.

c1) if Cell 20<=A1<30(A1=25), then the third if condition matched and will take minus action, A1-20=25-20=5, so it will return 5 in the cell C1.

d1) if Cell 30<=A1<50 (A1=35), then the forth if condition matched and will take divide action, A1/20=35/20=1.75, so it will return 1.75 in the cell C1.

Example 6#  Excel Nested IF function with logical function –AND

Assuming that you need a nested if function to reflect the following logic:

a) IF A1+B1 is less than 10, then return 10

b) IF A1+B1 is greater than 10 but less than or equal to 20, then return 20

c) IF A1+B1 is greater than 20 but less than or equal to 30, then return 30.

d) IF A1+B1 is greater than 30, then return 200.

Let’s write the following nested IF formula in the cell C1:

`=IF(A1+B1<10,10, IF(A1+B1<=20,20, IF(A1+B1<=30,30,200)))`

The above formula just use basic nested IF function syntax, we also can use logic function to re-write it, the nested if formula with AND function is as follows:

`=IF((A1+B1)<10,10,IF(AND((A1+B1)>10,(A1+B1)<=20),20, IF(AND((A1+B1)>20,(A1+B1)<=30),30,200)))`

The above nested IF formula combined with two AND function.

In the second IF Statement, AND((A1+B1)>10,(A1+B1)<=20) will check if 10<A1+B1<=20, If TRUE, then the formula will return 20.

In the third IF Statement, AND((A1+B1)>20,(A1+B1)<=30) will check if 20<A1+B1<=30, If TRUE, then the formula will return 30.

Example 7# Excel Nested IF function with logical function –OR

Assuming that you need a nested if function to reflect the following logic:

a) IF Cell A1=5, return A1/B1

b) IF Cell A1=10, return A2/B2

c) IF Cell A1=15 or A1=20, return A3/B3

In Cell C1, we can write the below nested if formula based on the above conditions.

`=IF(A1=5,A1/B1,IF(A1=10,A2/B2,IF(OR(A1=15,A1=20),A3/B3)))`

One OR function be used in the above excel nested if function, it will check if A1=15 or A1=20, if TRUE, then return A3/B3.

Example 8#  Excel nested if function with text and logical function AND

Wrote a nested if function with text to reflect the following logic:

a) If Cell A1=”E” and Cell B1=5, then return “Excel”

b) If Cell A1=”P” and Cell B1=3, then return “PPT”

c) If Cell A1=”W” and Cell B1=4, then return “Word”

d) Else return “Access”

In Cell C1, try to enter into the following excel nested If formula with AND function:

`=IF(AND(A1="E",B1=5),"Excel", IF(AND(A1="P",B1=3),"PPT", IF(AND(A1="W",B1=4),"Word","Access")))`

Example 9#  Excel nested if function with ISBLANK function and logical function AND

a) If you want to wrote a nested if function with ISBLANK function and logical function AND to reflect the following logic:

b) If both Cell A1 and Cell B1 are empty, then return “”

c) If only Cell A1 is empty, then return B1-today()

d) If both two cells A1 and B1 are not empty, then return “excel” string.

In Cell C1, use the following excel nested If formula with ISBLANK and AND function:

`=IF(AND(ISBLANK(A1),ISBLANK(B1)),"",IF(ISBLANK(A1),B1-TODAY(),"excel"))`

Example 10#  Using nested IF functions to check grade level based on student’s score(multiple IF statements)

The logic is as below:

We will write a nested If function that reflect the above logic, and will check if the score is below 50, If TRUE, it is considered as “Fail”. If FALSE, move into the next IF statement to test if the score is between 51 and 60 and it is considered as “Grade C”. If False, we will move into another IF statement to check if the score is between 61 and 80, IF True and it is considered as “Grade B”. If FASLSE, just check the rest conditions.

We can use a nested if formula as follows:

`=IF(B2<=50,"Fail",IF(AND(B2>=51, B2<=60), "Grade C", IF(AND(B2>=61, B2<=80),"Grade B",IF(AND(B2>=81,B2<=95),"Grade A", "Grade A+"))))`

Example 11#  Nested IF function for checking two Empty Cells

Let’s see the below image a product table of a company (need to create an excel table firstly):

a) If we need to check both “Price” cell and “Quantity” cell are empty, If True, then return empty. If the only “price” cell is empty only, IF True, return empty.

b) If the only “Quantity” cell is empty, IF True, return empty.

c) If both “price” and “Quantity” are not empty, then return multiply Price * Quantity as subtotal value.

So To check both “Price” and Quantity cells, we can use table header name as condition variable to test each Price cells or Quantity cells, so we can write the nested if formula as follows:

`=IF([Price]="","",IF([Quantity]="","",[Price]*[Quantity]))`

Just using the above excel if formula in the subtotal cells, the formula will check the first IF statement if Price Cell is empty, IF TRUE, then will return empty (“”) in the subtotal cell. IF FALSE, then move to the next IF statement and so on. Last, IF neither cell is empty, then will return the value of multiply [Price]*[Quantity] in subtotal cell.

Of course, we can use another nested if function to achieve the above calculation logic (easy to understand).

`=IF(ISBLANK(B2),"",IF(ISBLANK(C2),"", B2*C2))`

OR

`=IF(B2="","",IF(C2="","", B2*C2))`

## Nested IF Functions Order

There is one important thing that need us keep in mind when write Excel Nested IF Function, it is the order of nested IF function. It can nested up to 64 If statements, and how to order multiple IF condition statements, it is key point. Or the wrong result will be returned. The point is that excel nested if function will test the first if condition in the order, once any condition is met, and the subsequent if conditions will not be checked.

So let’s remember the below rules while writing excel nested if function:

• The most important condition First or Harder Test First

Let’s see the below example what it means:

Example 12#

There are two test conditions in the following excel nested if function:

`=IF(B1>=90,"excellent",IF(B1>=60,"good","bad"))`

When using this formula in the cell B3, If the amount in cell B1 is 95, then “excellent” would be returned. because it is greater than 90. And the second IF condition will not be evaluated.

However, if the order of nested if statment are reversed as follows:

`=IF(B1>=60,"good",IF(B1>=90,"excellent","bad"))`

The above formula would check for the condition B1>=60 first, if the amount in cell B1 is 95,  then the value “good” would be returned in cell B3. Because the Cell B1 match the first test condition, and it will not check the second if condition and will return the incorrect result.

## Nested IF Function Alternatives

To make your excel formulas more efficiency and fast, you can try to use the following alternatives to excel nested if function.

1)
Excel nested if function can be easily replaced with the VLOOUP, Lookup, INDEX/MATCH or CHOOSE functions.

Example 13#  Use VLookup function instead of nested IF function

Nested IF function:

`=IF(D1=39,"excelhow.net", IF(D1=45,"two",IF(D1=34,"google.com","")))`

Vlookup function:

`=VLOOKUP(39,A1:B3,2,FALSE)`

Example 14#  Use CHOOSE function instead of nested if function

Nested If unction:

`=IF(B1>=60,"good","bad")`

Using CHOOSE function as follows:

`=CHOOSE(IF(B1<60,1,2),"bad","good")`

2) Use IFS instead of nested if function

3) Use the CONCATENATE function or the concatenate operator (&).

Example 15#

Nested IF function:

`=IF(B1="A","excellent",IF(B1="B","good","bad"))`

Using CONCATENATE function as follows:

`=CONCATENATE(IF(B1=”A”,”excellent”,””),IF(B1=”B”,”good”,””),IF(B1=”C”,”bad”))`

Question1: Is there any tool to help write Excel formulas and nested Ifs?

This is an Excel formula with nested IF statements:

`=IF((B2="East"),4,IF((B2="West"),3,IF((B2="North"),2,IF((B2="South"),1,""))))`

To essentially accomplish this:

```If cell B2 = "East"
return "4"
ElseIf cell B2 = "West"
return "3"
ElseIf cell B2 = "North"
return "2"
ElseIf cell B2 = "South"
return "1"
Else
return ""```

Can Excel formulas be written in such a “more readable” manner and converted to the official syntax? Is there any tool to help write Excel formulas?

Answer: Excel Formula Formatter add-in by Rob van Gelder, mentioned at Daily Dose of Excel.

Excel’s formula bar ignores line feeds and white space, so you can Alt+Enter and spacebar to format the formulas however you like. I’ve tried it and I quickly stopped doing it. Too much spacebar-ing, especially if you need to edit.

Question2: I am working on an excel file, and i am trying to use a nested if formula to achieve what i would like.

i have two columns:A B.  And the condition is this: if the value in a2=a3, then check if the minus of b2 and b3 is certain value, and if it is, put a yes, else put a no. this will iterate till the end of the excel file.

so far here is what i have. not sure how to use the excel formulas. any help is much appreciated.

`if(a2=a3,b2-b3=5 or b2-b3=-5 or b2-b3=20 or b2-b3=-20, "yes", "no")`

Answer: you should be able to use the OR function within your nested if formula to test for “B2-B3=5,B2-B3=-5,B2-B3=20,B2-B3=-20” as follows:

`=IF(A2=A3,IF(OR(B2-B3=5,B2-B3=-5,B2-B3=20,B2-B3=-20),"yes","no"),"no")`

### Related Functions

• Excel IF function
The Excel IF function perform a logical test to return one value if the condition is TRUE and return another value if the condition is FALSE….
• Excel And function
The Excel AND function returns TRUE if all of arguments are TRUE, and it returns FALSE if any of arguments are FALSE…
• Excel Concat Function
The excel CONCAT function combines 2 or more strings or ranges together. The syntax of the CONCAT function is as below: =CONCAT (text1,[text2],…) …
• Excel Vlookup Function
The Excel VLOOKUP function lookup a value in the first column of the table and return the value in the same row based on index_num position.The syntax of the VLOOKUP function is as below:= VLOOKUP (lookup_value, table_array, column_index_num,[range_lookup])…
• Excel Choose Function
The Excel CHOOSE function returns a value from a list of values. The CHOOSE function is a build-in function in Microsoft Excel and it is categorized as a Lookup and Reference Function.The syntax of the CHOOSE function is as below:=CHOOSE (index_num, value1,[value2],…)…
• Excel ISBLANK function
The Excel ISBLANK function returns TRUE if the value is blank or null.The syntax of the ISBLANK function is as below:= ISBLANK (value)…

## Excel IFNA Function

This post will guide you how to use Excel IFNA function with syntax and examples in Microsoft excel.

### Description

The Excel IFNA function returns an alternate value you specify if a formula results in an #N/A error, or returns the result of the formula.

The IFNA function is a build-in function in Microsoft Excel and it is categorized as a Logical Function.

The IFNA function is available in Excel 2016, Excel 2013, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2003, Excel XP, Excel 2000, Excel 2011 for Mac.

### Syntax

The syntax of the IFNA function is as below:

= IFNA (value, value_if_error)

Where the IFNA function arguments are:
Value -This is a required argument. The value or formula that you want to test
Value_if_error – This is a required argument.  The value that is returned if the formula evaluates to a #N/A! error.

### Example

The below examples will show you how to use Excel IFNA Function to return an alternate value if a formula evaluates to a #N/A! error.

#1 =IFNA(VLOOKUP(2019,A1:B5,2,FALSE),2019)

Note: the formula “VLOOKUP(2019,A1:B5,2,FALSE),” will return an #N/A! Error, if you use “IFNA” function, the above excel formula will return an alternate value “2019”.

## Excel IFError Function

This post will guide you how to use Excel IFERROR function with syntax and examples in Microsoft excel.

### Description

The Excel IFERROR function returns an alternate value you specify if a formula results in an error, or returns the result of the formula.

The IFERROR function is a build-in function in Microsoft Excel and it is categorized as a Logical Function.

The IFERROR function is available in Excel 2016, Excel 2013, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2003, Excel XP, Excel 2000, Excel 2011 for Mac.

### Syntax

The syntax of the IFERROR function is as below:

`= IFERROR (value, value_if_error)`

Where the IFERROR function arguments are:

• Value -This is a required argument. The value or formula that you want to test
• Value_if_error – This is a required argument.  The value that is returned if the formula evaluates to an error.  The below errors will check: #VALUE!, #N/A, #REF!, #DIV/0!, #NUM!, #NAME?, or #NULL!.

### Example

The below examples will show you how to use Excel IFERROR Function to return an alternate value if a formula evaluates to an error.

#1 =IFERROR(B2/B1,0)

Note: the formula “B2/B1” will return an #DIV/0! Error,  if you use “IFERROR” function, the above excel formula will return an alternate value 0.

### More IFERROR Function Examples

• remove non numeric characters from a cell
If you want to remove non numeric characters from a text cell in excel, you can use the array formula:{=TEXTJOIN(“”,TRUE,IFERROR(MID(B1,ROW(INDIRECT(“1:”&LEN(B1))),1)+0,””))}…
• Get the List of File Names From a Folder
You will learn that how to use Excel to view Files and Folders in your worksheet by get the list of file names with different ways, such as: Excel VBA Macro, or FILES function.…
• Extract a List of Unique Values from a Column Range
If you want to extract a list of unique items from a column or range, you can use a combination of the IFERROR function, the INDEX function, the MATCH function and the COUNTIF function to create an array formula.…
• Extract multiple match Values into different Columns or Rows
If you want to fetch all matches from a range then put it into cells in different columns, you can use a combination with the INDEX function, the SMALL function, the IF function,  the ROW function and the COLUMNS function to create a new excel formula..…
• VLOOKUP Values from Multiple Worksheets
you can use the VLOOKUP function to find the values from multiple worksheets in Excel. For example, assuming that you have two worksheets, and you want to search the data across those two worksheet in your current worksheet (sheet3)……

## Excel IF Function

This post will guide you how to use Excel IF function with syntax and examples in Microsoft excel.

## Description

The Excel IF function perform a logical test to return one value if the condition is TRUE and return another value if the condition is FALSE.

The IF function is a build-in function in Microsoft Excel and it is categorized as a Logical Function.

The IF function is available in Excel 2016, Excel 2013, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2003, Excel XP, Excel 2000, Excel 2011 for Mac.

## Syntax

The syntax of the IF function is as below:

`= IF (condition, [true_value], [false_value])`

Where the IF function arguments are:
Condition -This is a required argument.  A user-defined condition that is to be tested.
True_value – This is an optional argument.  The value that is returned if condition evaluates to TRUE.
False_value – This is an optional argument.  The value that is returned if condition evaluates to FALSE.

The below examples will show you how to use Excel IF Function to return one value if the condition is TRUE or FALSE.

`=IF(B1>90, good, bad)`

Note: the above excel formula will test a condition “b1>90”, if the condition is true, then “good” will return or “bad” will return.

## Nested IF statements

The excel if function just only test one condition and if you want to deal with more than one condition and return different actions depending on the result of the tests,  then you need to include several IF statements (functions) in one excel IF formula, these multiple IF statements are also called Excel Nested IF formula(Nested IFs).

For example:

`=IF(A1>=80, "excellent", IF(A1>=60, "good", IF(A1>0, "bad", "no valid score")))`

More reading: Excel Nexted IF Functions (Statements) Tutorial

## Excel Logical operators

When you are writing an If statement, you may need to use any of the following excel logical operators:

 Operator Meaning Example Description = Equal To A1=B1 Returns True if a value in cell A1 is equal to the values in cell B1; FALSE if they are not. > Greater Than A1>B1 Returns True if a value in cell A1 is greater than the values in cell B1; FALSE if they are not. >= Greater Than or Equal to A1>=B1 Returns True if a value in cell A1 is greater than or equal to the values in cell B1; FALSE if they are not. < Less Than A1 Not Equal to A1<>B1 Returns True if a value in cell A1 is not equal to the values in cell B1; FALSE if they are not.

Let’s see some examples for logical operators in Excel formula:

 A1 B1 8 5

```
=(A1>B1)
Output: TRUE

=(A1<B1)
Output: FALSE

=(A1>=B1)
Output: TRUE

=(A1<>8)
Output: FALSE

=(A1<>B1)
Output: TRUE

=(IF A1>3, “TRUE”, “FALSE”)
Output: TRUE```

Question1: I want to write an IF Formula based on the below test criteria in the Microsoft excel.

If the number in Cell B1 is greater than 30, then I want it to return A

If the number in cell B1 is between 20 and 30, then I want it to return B

If the number in Cell B1 is below 20, then I want it to return C

The below formula is what I currently write:

`=IF(B1>30,"A",IF(B1<30,B1>20,"B","C"))`

When I entered the above formula in the Cell C1, and it will return an Error.

Answer:  You can use IF function in combination with AND function to reflect the above logic. So you can do it using the following formula:

`=IF(B1>30,"A",IF(AND(B1>=20,B1<=30),"B","C"))`

Or you can use another IF formula without AND function as follows:

`=IF(B1>30,"A",IF(B1<20,"C","B"))`

Question 2: I want to write a excel Formula for sales rep, If the sales are less than 10K, then the member will get no commission. If the sales are between 10 and 50K, then the member will get a 3% commission. If the sales are more than 50k, then the member will get 5% commission. Could you help me?

Answer: Based on the above description, we can use the following excel IF formula:

`=IF(B1<10,0,IF(B1<50,B1*3%,B1*5%))`

Question 3: I want to select students for the scholarship in school, and based on the student’s scores and attendance value, if the student scores more than 85 and has the attendance of more than 85%, then he/she will get the scholarship. Please help me how to write this formula based on my test criteria.

Answer: you can use the IF function with the AND function to check whether both of two conditions are met or not. If the test are met, then return “Yes”, otherwise returns “No”.

So you can use the following IF formula in Excel:

`=IF(AND(B1>85, C1>85%),"Yes","No")`

Question 4:  I am trying to write an excel formula based on the following logic:

I want to enter a formula in Cell C1 that will Add B1, B2 and B3 or multiply B1 by 1, multiply B2 by 2, multiply B2 by 3, which action will be taken based on what you put in Cell D1.

Appreciated for any help. Thanks

Answer: Based on the above logic description, you need to use SUM function to count the sum of B1, B2 and B3. We can use the following IF formula:

`=IF(D1="Add”,SUM(B1,B2,B3),IF(D1="Multiply",B1*B2*B3,"ERROR"))`

Question 5:  I am trying to write a formula in excel to check the employee number field and returns the relevant band of employee. I already have one IF formula, but I always return the first value of “A”. Could you help?

`=IF(B1>=10,"A",IF(B1>=20,"B",IF(B1>=50,"C")))`

Answer:  when you write an IF nested formula, you need to start with the largest number first or start the smallest number first with less than or equal to operator.

1# start with the largest number first, we can write down the below formula:

`=IF(B1>=50,"C",IF(B1>=20,"B",IF(B1>=10,"A")))`

2# start with the smallest number first, you need to change the >= to <= , just see the below formula:

`=IF(B1<=10,"A",IF(B1<=20,"B",IF(B1<=50,"C")))`

Question 6: I want to write a Formula in excel to return “bad” if the cell B1 is either <100 or >500, otherwise, it should be returned the value of cell B1.

Answer: For the above logic test, we should use the OR function in the IF condition, so we can write down the below IF formula:

`=IF(OR(B1>500,B1<100),"good",B1)`

Question 7: I want to write a formula in excel using IF function to check if the cell B1 >10 and B1<20. If TRUE, returns “good”, If FALSE, returns “bad”

Answer: You can use IF function in combination with AND function to check the value of Cell B1, if cell B1 is greater than 10 and cell B1 is less than 20, then returns “good”, otherwise, it will return “bad”.

`=IF(AND(B1>10,B1<20),"good","bad")`

Question 8:  I need to write a nested IF statement in excel 2013 to check the following logic:

If Cell B1 is less than 5, then multiply it by 5.

If Cell B1 is greater than or equal to 5 but less than 10, then multiply it by 10.

If cell B1 is greater than 10, then multiply it by 15.

Answer: This is a generic nested IF formula in excel, we can write the below nested IF statement to reflect the logic.

`=IF(B1<5, B1*5, IF(B1<10, B1*10, B1*15))`

Question 9:  I want to write a formula to match the following logic in MS Excel 2013:

If A1*B1 <=10, then returns A

If A1*B1 >10 but A1*B1 <=20, then returns B

If A1*B1 >20 but A1*B1 <=30, then returns C

If A1*B1>30, then returns D

Answer: You can use IF function to build a Nested IF statement in combination with AND function to achieve it. Let’s write down the following IF formula:

`=IF(A1*B1<=10,"A", IF(AND(A1*B1>10,A1*B1<=20),"B", IF(AND(A1*B1>20,a1*B1<=30,"C","D"))))`

Question 10: I want to write an IF function to check if the value in cell B1 is blank or Text string or Numeric value, if the cell B1 is empty, then return “blank”, if the cell B1 is a text string, then return “Text”, if the value in cell B1 is a numeric value, then return “number”. Any help for this formula, thanks.

Answer: Based on the description, you need to use ISBLANK function to check if the value in cell b1 is blank or not. And need to use ISTEXT function to check if the value in cell B1 is a text string or not and need to use ISNUMBER function to check if the value in cell B1 is a number or not. So you can write a nested IF statements in combination with ISBLANK, ISTEXT and ISNUMBER functions in Excel as follows:

`=IF(ISBLANK(B1),"blank", IF(ISTEXT(B1),"Text", IF(ISNUMBER(B1),"number")))`

Question 11:  I want to write a formula in excel to calculate the bonus for employees in company, if the employee salary is greater than or equal to \$2000, then the bonus will be 10% of the salary , otherwise, the bonus will be 5% of the employee salary.

Answer:  we need to check if the salary in Cell B1 (it’s the salary of the first employee) is greater than or equal to 2000. It the condition test is TRUE, then returns B1*10%, otherwise returns b1*5%. So we can write down the following IF formula in excel:

`=IF(B1>=2000, B1*10%, B1*5%)`

Question 12: In Microsoft Excel 2013, I want to create an IF function to check if any employee who have at least 10 years of experience and whose salary is greater than \$5000, If TRUE, then the bonus will be 20% of salary.

Answer: you can use IF function in combination with AND function to check if the value in cell B1 is greater than or equal to 10 and the value in Cell C1 is greater than 5000. If both of two conditions are TRUE, then returns C1*20%, otherwise returns “No Bonus”.

Let’s write down the following IF statement as follows:

`=IF(AND(B1>=10,C1>5000),C1*20%, "No Bonus")`

Question 13: I want to create an IF formula in Excel 2013 to check the following text logic:

If B1<10, then multiply B1 by 1%, but the returned value is not less than 50.

If B1>10, then multiply B1 by 2%, but the returned value is not greater than 100.

Answer: To reflect the first test condition, you need to use MAX function to match the condition. To reflect the second test condition, you need to use MIN function to match that the returned value should not be greater than 100. So we can use the following excel IF formula:

`=IF(B1<10, MAX(50,B1*1%), IF(B1>10, MIN(100,B1*5%)))`

Question 14:  I want to use IF function to check if B1 is greater than 10 and B2 is greater than 20 and B3 is less than 30, if TRUE, then returns “good”, otherwise, it should be returned “bad”.  So How to create the IF formula based on the above test criteria to check three conditions at the same time.

Answer: you need to use AND function within the IF function in excel to create an IF formula as follows:

`=IF(AND(B1>10,B2>20,B3<30),"good","bad")`

Question 15:  I have an IF formula that might cause a division by zero error, I don’t know how to avoid this kind of errors in Excel formula.

Answer: You can use ISERROR function to catch this kind of errors then use the IF function to check the returned values from ISERROR function to avoid an error. So we can write an IF function in combination with ISERROR function in excel. For example, we can use the following IF formula:

`=IF(ISERROR(B1/C1),0, B1/C1)`

The ISERROR function will return TRUE when trying to divide B1 by 0.

Question 16:  I need to create a formula in Excel 2013 to reflect the following logic:

If B1=Excel, then return E

If B1=word, then return W

If B1=access, then return A

Answer:  You can use IF function to create a nested IF statements as follows:

`=IF(B1="Excel","E",IF(B1="word","W",IF(B1="access","A")))`

Question 17:  I have a worksheet that containing cells that are formatted as date format. I want to write an IF formula to check the first value in Cell (month part). So I am trying to create the following IF formula:

`=IF(LEFT(B1,1)=8, "August","Null")`

The returned results are always “Null”.

Answer: As the dates are not recognized as string, so you cannot use the LEFT function to exact the first value in the dates. At this moment, you need to use Month function to convert the date to its month number in Excel. So we can write down the below IF formula in combination with Month function:

`=IF(MONTH(B1)=8, "August","Null")`

Question18: I am trying to create an IF formula to check if the time value in cells are greater than 10.00h for the following date format: 08/11/2018 09:43.50.  Appreciative of any help.

Answer: In excel, you can use HOUR, MINUTE, SECOND functions to compare the date or time value. so if you want to compare the value in Cell B1 if it is greater than 10h, then you can use HOUR function within IF function, just like this: HOUR(B1)>10, so we can write down the below formula:

`=IF(HOUR(B1)>10, "greater","less")`

Question 19: I want to create an IF function and need to combine with another RAND function.  The formula just works find for the first IF_VALUE_TRUE statement, but the formula works not good for IF_VALUE_FALSE statement. Here is the IF formula I have got:

`=IF(ISBLANK(B1),"","=rand()")`

In the above IF function, it will return empty string when the value in cell B1 is blank. Otherwise, it should add a random function, the problem is that the cell doesn’t run the RAND function. So how can I fix it?  Thanks

Answer:  when you write an IF formula, if you want to enclose others function, you need not to add quotes around the RAND () function, so just remove the quotes and equal sign in your IF function. Just like the below IF formula:

`=IF(ISBLANK(B1),"",RAND())`

Question 20: I am trying to write an IF formula in Excel 2013 to reflect the following logic:

If B1 is greater than or equal to 50 and C1 is 0

OR

If B1 is greater than or equal to 30 and C1 is greater than or equal to 1

OR

If B1 is greater than or equal to 20 and C1 is 2

Then take the following action:  D2/E2

Otherwise, return FALSE

I have wrote the following IF formula, but it doesn’t work at all.

`=IF(AND(B1>=50,C1>=0),OR(AND(B1>=30,C1>=1)),OR(AND(B1>=20,C1>=2)),D2/E2,"FALSE")`

Answer: you need to nest your different AND function within an OR function in the IF formula. So you can try the below IF formula:

`=IF(OR(AND(B1>=50,C1>=0),AND(B1>=30,C1>=1),AND(B1>=20,C1>=2)), D2/E2,"FALSE")`

Question 21: I want to create an IF function in combination with MID function in excel 2013. it need to check if the value in one specified cell is TRUE, then return the first six characters from another cell. Otherwise return empty value.

Answer: you just need to add MID function within IF function in excel, and do not add any quotes around MID function.    So you can use the following IF formula to achieve your request:

`=IF(B1=TRUE, MID(C1,1,5), "")`

Question 22:  I have a excel worksheet as below:

A     B

——

20   O

30   V

10   T

50   T

I want to create an IF formula to reflect the following logic:

IF cell A1 is less than or equal to 30 and Cell B1 is equal to “O” or “V”, if TRUE, then returns 300, otherwise returns 400.

IF Cell A1 is greater than 30 and Cell B1 is equal to “O” or “V”, then returns 500, otherwise returns 600.

I have wrote the below tow IF formulas for the above two conditions as follows:

`=IF(AND(A1<=30,OR(B1="O",B1="V")),300,400)`
`=IF(AND(A1>30,OR(B1="O",B1="V")),500,600)`

I am able to check the above two IF formula and the returned results is OK… But I am not able to combine the above two IF formula into a single IF formula. So anybody can help? Many thanks

Answer:  Based on the above logic, you can use the below IF formula to combine with above two IF formulas:

`=IF(A1<=30,IF(OR(B1="O",B1="V"),300,400),IF(OR(B1="O",B1="V"),500,600))`

Question 23: I am trying to write an IF function to prevent zero and negative values in cells. What I would like is that if the value in cell B1 is less than or equal to 0, then it should be returned “Null” otherwise, it should return the calculation of Cells value, like as:B2*(C2-D2)*E2.

The below IF formula is what I have:

`=IF(B1<=0,"Null","B2*(C2-D2)*E2")`

When I run the formula above, it only returns my calculation string and do not take the actual calculation.

Answer: In excel, the double quotes make any values in between be recognized as Text string. So if you want to take calculation for your IF formula, just remove the double quotes.  Let’s see the modified IF formula as follows:

`=IF(B1<=0,"Null",B2*(C2-D2)*E2)`

Question 24: I want to create an new IF function to check if the value in cells is Saturday or Sunday, If TRUE, returns “yes”, otherwise, returns “No”. And I am using the following IF formula, but I get an error, so what’s wrong for this formula?

`=IF((OR(\$B1="Saturday","\$B1="Sunday"),"yes","no"))`

Answer: you need to use the WEEKDAY function within IF function to handle the dates if they are in date format, like as: 11/8/2018.

So you can use the below IF function to achieve your logic:

`=IF(WEEKDAY(\$B\$1,2)>5,"yes","no")`

You can also use TEXT function within the IF function to achieve the same results, just like the below IF formula:

`=IF(LEFT(TEXT(\$B\$1,"ddd"))="S","yes","no")`

Question 25: I want to write an IF function in excel to check if the first character in one Cell is equal to 5, then the returned value should be the five rightmost characters of that cell, otherwise, the returned value should be the four rightmost characters. I wrote one IF formula as follows, but it doesn’t work.

`=IF(LEFT(B1,1)=5, RIGHT(B1,5),RIGHT(B1,4))`

In the above IF function, it always return the rightmost four characters even though the first character in Cell B1 starts with “S”.  Please help me to fix it.

Answer: you should know the returned value of the LEFT function firstly in excel. As the LEFT function will return a Text value, so you also need to provide a string for comparison, so adding quotes to enclose it. Just like the below IF function:

`=IF(LEFT(B1,1)="5", RIGHT(B1,5),RIGHT(B1,4))`

There is another way to achieve the same results, you can use NUMBERVALUE function to convert the result of LEFT function to a numeric value, like the below IF function:

`=IF(NUMBERVALUE(LEFT(B1,1))=5,RIGHT(B1,5),RIGHT(B1,4))`

Question 26:  I have 2 columns contain date and time or just only contain time. And I want to check if the times of column A is greater than the times of column B. the key issue may be that column A has the date and time.  I wrote the following IF formula to run it in Cell C1, but it returned the inaccurate results.

`=IF(A1>B1,"yes","no")`

Any help would be appreciated… Many thanks!

Answer:  the date part of the value in column A is the integer, while the time is the decimal. You can use the following IF formula:

`=IF(A1-INT(A1)>B2),"yes","no")`

Question 27:  The below are the results that I expected, and I want cell B1 to B4 can detect the string from A1 to A4 automatically and return the same string value plus the severity level when the test match. For example, If A1 is equal to “critical”, then it should be returned “critical severity 1” in the cell B1. Etc.

And I am using the following IF formula, but it does not work at all. Please help to fix it. Thanks

`=IF(A1="Critical","Critical Severity 1",""),IF(A1="High","High Severity 2",""),IF(A1="Medium","Medium Severity 3",""),IF(A1="Low","Low Severity 4","")`

 A B critical critical severity 1 high high severity 2 medium Medium severity 3 low low severity 4

Answer: you can try to run the following IF formula in excel:

`=IF(A1="critical","critical Severity 1",IF(A1="high","high Severity 2",IF(A1="medium","medium Severity 3",IF(A1="low","low Severity 4",""))))`

Question 28: I am working on an excel file and want to create a new IF formula to reflect the following logic:

If the value in Cell A1 is equal to the value in Cell A2, then check if the minus of B1 and B2 is equal to a special value, and if the condition is TRUE, returns “yes”, otherwise, returns “no”.  Here is the IF formula I have:

`=if(A1=A2,B1-B2=5 or B1-B2=-5 or B1-B2=20 or B1-B2=-20, "yes", "no")`

Any help is appreciated…Thanks

Answer: you need to use OR function with IF function to create a nested IF statement to achieve your request. So you can try the following Excel IF formula in your excel file.

`=IF(A1=A2,IF(OR(B1-B2=5,B1-B2=-5,B1-B2=20,B1-B2=-20),"yes","no"),"no")`

Question 29: I want to create an IF formula to check the range of cells in excel.  I have scores of different subject for a student, and want to check if any one of scores is less than 60, If TRUE, then return “BAD”.  Can this logic be done with the IF statements in excel 2013?

Answer: you can use COUNTIF function within IF function to create a generic IF formula as follows:

`=IF(COUNTIF(B:B,"<60")>0,"BAD","Good")`

Question 30: I am trying to create a new IF statement so that when the formula is looking at Row A and Row B, the returned values should be shown in the Row C. the following logic need to be checked:

IF the value in the Row A is equal to “NA” And the value in the Row B is equal to “NA”, then return “NA” value in Row C.

IF the value in the Row A is equal to “NA”, and the value in the Row B is equal to “denied”, then return “denied” value in Row C.

IF the value in the Row A is equal to “allowed” and the value in the Row B is equal to “NA”, then return “allowed” value in Row C.

Here is my formula:

`=IF(AND(A1 = "NA", B1 = "NA"),"NA",IF(OR(A1="denied",B1 ="denied"),"denied", "NA"))`

I don’t know how to include “allowed” in the IF formula above, anyone can help this, many thanks.

Answer: This is a typical nested if statement, you can use OR function within IF function in excel. We can write down this nested IF formula as follows:

`=IF(OR(A1="denied", B1="denied"), "denied", IF(OR(A1="allowed", B1="allowed"), "allowed", "NA"))`

### Related Functions

• Excel AND function
The Excel AND function returns TRUE if all of arguments are TRUE, and it returns FALSE if any of arguments are FALSE.The syntax of the AND function is as below:= AND (condition1,[condition2],…) …
• Excel ISBLANK function
The Excel ISBLANK function returns TRUE if the value is blank or null.The syntax of the ISBLANK function is as below:= ISBLANK (value)…
• Excel COUNTIF function
The Excel COUNTIF function will count the number of cells in a range that meet a given criteria.= COUNTIF (range, criteria) …
• Excel ISERROR function
The Excel ISERROR function returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A. The ISERROR function is a build-in function in Microsoft Excel and it is categorized as an Information Function. The syntax of the ISERROR function is as below: = ISERROR (value) …
• Excel LEFT function
The Excel LEFT function returns a substring (a specified number of the characters) from a text string, starting from the leftmost character.The syntax of the LEFT function is as below:= LEFT(text,[num_chars])…
• Excel MID function
The Excel MID function returns a substring from a text string at the position that you specify. The MID function is a build-in function in Microsoft Excel and it is categorized as a Text Function. The syntax of the MID function is as below: = MID (text, start_num, num_chars) …
• Excel TEXT function
The Excel TEXT function converts a numeric value into text string with a specified format. The syntax of the TEXT function is as below:= TEXT (value, Format code)…
• Excel RIGHT function
The Excel RIGHT function returns a substring (a specified number of the characters) from a text string, starting from the rightmost character…

### More Excel IF Formula Examples

• Excel nested if function
The nested IF function is formed by multiple if statements within one Excel if function. This excel nested if statement makes it possible for a single formula to take multiple actions…
• Excel IF formula with Equal to logical operators
The “Equal to” logical operator can be used to compare the below data types, such as: text string, numbers, dates, Booleans.  This section will guide you how to use equal to logical operator in excel IF formula with text string value and dates value…
• Excel IF formula with greater than logical operators
How to use if function with greater than, greater than or equal to,  less than and less than or equal to logical operators in excel. Let’s see the below generic if formula with greater than operator: =IF(A1>10,”excelhow.net”,”google”) …
• Excel IF formula with AND logical function
You can use the IF function combining with AND function to construct a condition statement. If the test is FALSE, then take another action. The syntax of AND function in excel is as follow: =AND(condition1,[condition2],…)…
• Excel IF function with OR logical function
If you want to check if one of several conditions is met in your excel workbook, if the test is TRUE, then you can take certain action. You can use the IF function combining with OR function to construct a condition statement…
• Excel IF function with “NOT” logical function
If you want to check several test conditions in an excel formula, then take different actions. You can use NOT function in combination with the AND or OR logical function in excel IF function…
• Excel IF formula with AND & OR logical functions
If you want to test the result of cells based on several sets of multiple test conditions, you can use the IF function with the AND and OR functions at a time…
• Excel IF Function With Numbers
If you want to check if a cell values is between two values or checking for the range of numbers or multiple values in cells, at this time, we need to use AND or OR logical function in combination with the logical operator and IF function…
• Excel IF function with text values
If you want to write an IF formula for text values in combining with the below two logical operators in excel, such as: “equal to” or “not equal to”…
• Excel IF function with Dates
If you have a list of dates and then want to compare to these dates with a specified date to check if those dates is greater than or less than that specified date. …
• Excel IF function check if the cell is blank or not-blank
If you want to check the value in one cell if it is blank or empty cell, then you can use IF function in combination with ISBLANK function or logical operator (equal to) in excel…
• Excel nested if statements with ranges
Many people usually asked that how to write an excel nested if statements based on multiple ranges of cells to return different values in a cell? How to nested if statement using date ranges? How to use nested if statement between different values in excel 2013 or 2016…
• Count Cells That Contain Specific Text
This post will discuss that how to count the number of cells that contain specific text or certain text in a specified cells of range in Excel. How to get the total number of cells that contain certain text.……
• Sum Values by Group
Assuming that you have a table that contain the product name and its sales result. And you have group by those values based on the product name, then you want to sum values based one each product name. You can create a new Excel formula based on the IF function and SUMIF function.…
• Get nth Largest Value with Duplicates
If you want to get the largest unique value in a data set with duplicates, you can create a new excel array formula based on the MAX function and the IF function..…
• Find the Largest Value Based on Multiple Criteria
Assuming that you have a list of data that you want to find the largest value based on the product “excel” and the sales region “east”. You can create a new excel formula based on the SUMPRODUCT function and the LARGE function..……
• Create a Five Star Rating System
How do I change the five points system to five star rating in excel. How to use the conditional formatting function to create a five star rating system in excel…..
•  Rank values in a column based a specific value in another column
Assuming that you have a list of data contains two columns and the first column is product list and another is Sales number. You want to rank the sales number of a specified product name. You can try to write a complex formula based on the IF function and the COUNTIFS function to achieve the result..…
• Comparing Columns Using Conditional Formatting Icon Sets
how to compare the adjacent cells in the different columns using Conditional Formatting Icon Sets in Excel.  How to compare Columns or rows using Conditional Formatting Icon Sets to show increase or decrease status in your current worksheet..…
• Show Only Positive Values
You can create a formula based on the IF function, and the SUM function to sum all values in the range A1:C5 and just show only positive values…
• Count Unique Values Using Pivot Table
You can insert a 3rd or helper column with a formula to check if the value is unique in the selected range of cells, and the create pivot table based on the 1st and 3rd column to count unique values..…
• Compare Dates
Assuming that you have a list of data that contain date values in Excel, you can use the IF function to create a formula to achieve it. If the date is greater that the given date value, then return True. Otherwise, it returns False….
• Excel Vlookup Return True or False
you can use the VLOOKUP function to look for a value in a column in a table and then returns TRUE from a given column in that table if it finds something. If it doesn’t, it returns FALSE …
• VLOOKUP Return Multiple Values Horizontally
You can create a complex array formula based on the INDEX function, the SMALL function, the IF function, the ROW function and the COLUMN function to vlookup a value and then return multiple corresponding values horizontally in Excel.…
• Copy and Paste Only Non-blank Cells
If you want only copy non-blank cells in a range in Excel, you need to select the non-blank cells firstly, then press Ctrl +C keys to copy the selected cells. So how to only select all non-blank cells in the selected range in your worksheet..…
• Changing Negative Number to Zero in Excel
If you want to change all negative numbers to zero value from a cell in Excel, you can use a formula based on the MAX function or IF function.…
• Count Dates in Given Year/Month/Day in Excel
You can create a formula based on the SUMPRODUCT function and the YEAR function to count dates by a give year….
• Generate All Possible Combinations of Two Lists
You can use a formula based on the IF function, the ROW function, the COUNTA function, The INDEX function and the MOD function to get a list of all possible combinations from those two list….
• Find Missing Numbers in a Sequence in Excel
You can use an excel array formula based on the SMALL function, the IF function, the ISNA function, the MATCH function, and the ROW function to find missing numbers in a sequence…

## Excel False Function

This post will guide you how to use Excel FALSE function with syntax and examples in Microsoft excel.

### Description

The Excel FALSE function returns the logical value “FALSE”.

The FALSE function is a build-in function in Microsoft Excel and it is categorized as a Logical Function.

The FALSE function is available in Excel 2016, Excel 2013, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2003, Excel XP, Excel 2000, Excel 2011 for Mac.

### Syntax

The syntax of the FALSE function is as below:

`=FALSE()`

### Example

The below examples will show you how to use Excel FALSE Function to return the logical value FALSE.

#1 To get False value in B1 Cell, just using the following excel formula: =FALSE()

Related Functions

• Excel TRUE function
The Excel TRUE function return the logical value TRUE. And you can use the TRUE function when you want to return the TRUE value. For example, the formula: =IF(B1>5, TRUE()).The syntax of the TRUE function is as below:=TRUE ()…

## Excel And Function

This post will guide you how to use Excel AND function with syntax and examples in Microsoft excel.

### Description

The Excel AND function returns TRUE if all of arguments are TRUE, and it returns FALSE if any of arguments are FALSE.

The AND function is a build-in function in Microsoft Excel and it is categorized as a Logical Function.

The AND function is available in Excel 2016, Excel 2013, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2003, Excel XP, Excel 2000, Excel 2011 for Mac.

### Syntax

The syntax of the AND function is as below:

= AND (condition1,[condition2],…)

Where the AND function arguments are:
Condition1 -This is a required argument. The first arguments to test if it is true.
Condition2 – Optional

### Example

The below examples will show you how to use Excel AND Function to test whether all of conditions are TRUE.

#1 To Test if B1 is greater than 10 AND less than 20, if so, returns TRUE value, just using the following excel formula: =AND(B1>10, B1<20)

### More Excel AND Function Examples

• Conditional Formatting date with red Amber or Green
How to highlight the date with red if the cell dates is past now(). How to highlight the date with amber if the cell date is past now but within the next 6 months from now(). How to highlight the date with green if the cell date is more than 6 months from now…
• Check If Multiple Cells are Equal In Excel
Assuming that you have a list of data in range A1:C1, and you want to compare if these cells are equal, if so, then return True, otherwise, return False. You need to create an Excel array formula based on the AND function and the EXACT function…