# COUNTIF Function in Excel

This post will guide you how to use the COUNTIF function with syntax and examples in Microsoft excel.

## Description

The Excel COUNTIF function will count the number of cells in a range that meet a given criteria. This function can be used to count the different kinds of cells with number, date, text values, blank, non-blanks, or containing specific characters.etc.

we can also use the logical operators (>,>=,<,<=,<>,=) in Excel COUNTIF formula and also support wildcards characters (*,?) .

The COUNTIF function is a build-in function in Microsoft Excel and it is categorized as a Statistical Function.

The COUNTIF function is available in Excel 2016, Excel 2013, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2003, Excel XP, Excel 2000, Excel 2011 for Mac.

## Syntax

The syntax of the COUNTIF function is as below:

`= COUNTIF (range, criteria)`

Where the COUNTIF function arguments are:
Range -This is a required argument.  The range of cells that you want to apply the criteria to count
Criteria – This is a required argument.  The criteria used to define which cells are counted

## COUNTIF Function Examples

The below examples will show you how to use Excel COUNTIF Function to return the number of cells in a range based on a given criteria.

Example1: Count the number of cells in range B1:B4 that contain “excel” text values

`=COUNTIF(B1:B4,"excel")`

the above excel formula will return 2.

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