**IF** function is frequently used in Excel worksheet to return “true value” or “false value” based on the logical test result. If you want to see if cell contains certain substring1 like “abc” or substring2 like “def”, and returns true of false based on test result, you can build a formula based on **IF** function and together with **SUM** function and **COUNTIF **function.

**FORMULA**

To test if cell contains certain text1 or text2, the generic formula is:

**=IF(SUM(COUNTIF(A1,{“*Text1*”,”*Text2*”})),”true value”,”false value”)**

Formula in this example

**=IF(SUM(COUNTIF(A4,{“*ODC*”,”*QA*”})),”Yes”,”No”)**

In this example, we want to know the result of “if cell contains “ODC” or “QA””, the result is either “Yes” or “No”, Excel **IF** function can handle this case properly. And to test if cell contains certain substring, we can use **COUNTIF** function.

**EXPLANATION**

In this example, we want to know if cells in A column contain either “ODC” or “QA”, so we use **COUNTIF **function to see if they are included in text string. If yes, a positive number is retuned, if none of them is found in the test string, zero is returned. **COUNTIF **is the core in the formula **=IF(SUM(COUNTIF(A4,{“*ODC*”,”*QA*”})),”Yes”,”No”)** actually.

For example, to test if A4 contains “ODC” or “QA”, we can run formula **COUNTIF(A4,{“*ODC*”,”*QA*”})** to see if A4 contains the supplied substrings.

In this formula, as we supply two substrings “ODC” and “QA”, so we create array constant **{“*ODC*”,”*QA”}** to show the collection of supplied substrings.

**Asterisk (*)**is a wildcard, it stands for one or more characters, if we remove “*” from substrings like {“ODC”,”QA”}, our expectation “cell contains “ODC” or “QA”” is changed to “cell equals “ODC” or “QA””.- As the two substrings are given in precondition, so they are hard-coded, we use comma to separate them, you can enter your substrings in you case.
- “*ODC*”, “*QA*” should be quoted by double quotes, if missing double quotes
**#NAME?**error displays instead and it signifies some errors should be corrected in this formula. - The array constant is started and ended with curly brace “{}”.

When running the formula, **COUNTIF** function compares text string in cell with the items in array constant one by one. In this **COUNTIF**, there is only one cell A4, text string “Amanda-ODC-0813” only contains the first substring “ODC”, thus COUNTIF(A4,{“*ODC*”,”*QA*”}) returns “1” for “ODC”, and returns “0” for “QA” after comparing with “Amanda-ODC-0813”, results are saved in array {1,0} and delivered to **SUM** function.

**SUM **is within **IF** function as its argument “logical_test”. **SUM **function add up all items in array {1,0} and delivery result to **IF** function directly.

Logical test result is a positive number, so **IF** function returns true value “Yes” to B4.

**COMMENT**

**COUNTIF**function supports wildcards like “?” and “*”.**COUNTIF**function is case-insensitive.

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