# How to Sum if Equal to Many Items or A Range in Excel

If we want to sum numbers from a range with criteria, we often select **SUMIF** of **SUMIFS** functions as the first choice to create a formula. The criteria can be a number or an array or a collection of some items. In this article, we will show you to sum numbers based on a range of items. In fact, there are many functions can be applied to help us to figure out this problem, and in real life based on different situations, you can select different functions. But in this article, we will show you the way to resolve this problem by using **SUMIF/SUMPRODUCT** functions combination. We will introduce you the syntax, arguments and basic usage of these functions, and let you know the working process of our formula.

__EXAMPLE__

__EXAMPLE__

Refer to the left-hand side table, we can see some kinds of fruits are listed in “Fruit” column. And amounts are listed in “Amount” column. In the right-hand side table, we list the items we want to sum amounts for them. In previous instance, we have learned how to sum amounts for one item only, for example, we can apply **SUMIF** of **SUMIFS** function to create a formula “=SUMIF(A2:A13,D2,B2:B13)” to sum amounts for “Apple”.

But in this case, sum criteria contain two items “Apple” and “Orange”, and the total amount is recorded in one cell and it covers the two items. Thus, only applying SUMIF function cannot figure out our problem, even we can create a formula like “=SUMIF(A2:A13,D2,B2:B13)+SUMIF(A2:A13,D3,B2:B13)” to calculate total amount, it is clear but complex, and when there are multiple items, the formula will be very long. So, we need to find a proper way to sum. In fact, there are many ways to sum numbers based on criteria contain a range reference, for this instance, we will show you to sum amounts for many items by **SUMPRODUCT and SUMIF **functions.

Before designing a formula, we can name range references.

Select range **A2:A13**, in name box enter “**Fruit**”, then press **Enter**.

Select range **B2:B13**, in name box enter **“Amount”**, then press **Enter**.

Select range **D2:D3**, in name box enter **“Items”**, then press **Enter**.

__CREATE A FORMULA with SUMPRODUCT & SUMIF FUNCTIONS__

__CREATE A FORMULA with SUMPRODUCT & SUMIF FUNCTIONS__

**1.STEPS**

**Step 1: **In E2, enter the **=SUMPRODUCT(SUMIF(Fruit,Items,Amount))**.

**You can enter named range like “Fruit” into your formula directly, or you can also select the range by dragging the handle as well.**

**Step 2: **Press **Enter** after typing the formula.

We can see in column A, cell A2, A3, A6, A8, A9 and A11 meet our criteria, so we just need to sum numbers from B2, B3, B6, B8, B9 and B11, so the total amount is 5000+6150+5500+4000+8500+7500=36650. The formula works correctly.

**2.FUNCTION INTRODUCTION**

**SUMIF function can be seen as SUM+IF. It can sum up numbers by specific condition.**

**Syntax:**

=SUMIF(criteria_range, criteria, sum_range)

**SUMPRODUCT function can return sum of products.**

**Syntax:**

=SUMPRODUCT(array1, [array2], [array3], ...)

For both **SUMPRODUCT** and **SUMIF** functions, they support wildcards like asterisk ‘*’ and question mark ‘?’, also support logical operators like ‘>’,’<’. If wildcards or logical operators are required, they should be enclosed into double quotes (““).

**3.ALL ARGUMENTS**

**In this case, SUMIF is included in SUMPRODUCT formula as its argument.**

**SUMIFS – RANGE**

Range reference “**Fruit**” is the criteria range.

In the formula bar, select “**Fruit**”, press **F9**, values in this range are expanded in an array.

**SUMIFS – CRITERIA**

As we want to sum amount for “**Apple**” and “**Orange**” together, so the criteria here is a range reference “**Items**”.

In the formula bar, select “**Items**”, press **F9**, items in this range are expanded in an array.

As we said we can use “**=SUMIF(A2:A13,D2,B2:B13)+SUMIF(A2:A13,D3,B2:B13)**” to sum total for both two items, in fact we can use an array constant like {D2;D3} to shorten the formula.

Note: an array constant can provide a set of values, and the values are hard-coded. It is frequently used in array formula.

**SUMIF – SUM RANGE**

Range reference “Amount” is the “sum range”.

In the formula bar, select ‘Amount’, press F9, amounts in this range are expanded in an array.

**4.HOW THE FORMULA WORKS**

After explaining each argument in the formula, now we will show you how the formula works with these arguments.

After expanding values in each range reference, in the formula bar, the formula is displayed as:

=SUMPRODUCT(SUMIF({"Apple";"Orange";"Banana";"Peach";"Orange";"Banana";"Apple";"Orange";"Banana";"Apple";"Grape";"Banana"},{"Apple";"Orange"},{5000;6150;4500;6000;5500;6500;4000;8500;9000;7500;8500;8000}))

A pair of criteria range and criteria:

{"Apple";"Orange";"Banana";"Peach";"Orange";"Banana";"Apple";"Orange";"Banana";"Apple";"Grape";"Banana"}

**– Criteria Range**

**{“Apple”;”Orange”} – Criteria (more than one items)**

If items from criteria range match either of criteria “Items”, “True” will be recorded in the array, otherwise, “False” will be recorded. So, after comparing with “Apple” and “Orange” separately, the original criteria range is split to two new arrays which only contains “True” and “False”.

**{True;False;False;False;False;False;True;False;False;True;False;False} – compare with “Apple”**

**{False;True;False;False;True;False;False;True;False;False;False;False} – compare with “Orange”**

For the following logical operation, “True” is coerced to “1” and “False” is coerced to “0”. So, values in the array are converted to numbers:

**{1;0;0;0;0;0;1;0;0;1;0;0} – compare with “Apple”**

**{0;1;0;0;1;0;0;1;0;0;0;0} – compare with “Orange”**

Sum amount of “Apple” refer to sum range:

**{1;0;0;0;0;0;1;0;0;1;0;0} – filter “Apple” in criteria range**

**{5000;6150;4500;6000;5500;6500;4000;8500;9000;7500;8500;8000} – sum_range**

Multiply the values from the two arrays in the same position. Then we save the products in an array:

**{5000;0;0;0;0;0;4000;0;0;7500;0;0} **

Sum amount of “Orange” refer to sum range:

**{0;1;0;0;1;0;0;1;0;0;0;0} – filter “Orange” in criteria range**

**{5000;6150;4500;6000;5500;6500;4000;8500;9000;7500;8500;8000} – sum_range**

Multiply the values from the two arrays in the same position. Then we save the products in an array:

**{0;6150;0;0;5500;0;0;8500;0;0;0;0} **

**SUMPRODUCT function will sum all products: (5000+4000+7500)+(6150+5500+8500)=16500+20150=36650**

In this case if we directly select **SUMIF** part and press **F9**, array **{16500;20150}** is returned.

We can also use **SUM** function to replace **SUMPRODUCT** function in this case.

__SUMMARY__

__SUMMARY__

**1**.** SUMIF** function can handle only one pair of criteria range and criteria. Sum range is the last argument among all arguments.

**2**. **SUMPRODUCT **function can return the sum of products.

**3**. They all support wildcards, logical operators.

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