# How to Exclude Values from One Column Based on Values in Another Column in Excel

This post will explain various methods to e**xclude values from one column based on values in another column** in Excel.

Often, while working with large datasets, we need to remove certain values from a column based on criteria from another column. we will cover three different approaches to achieve this: using the **VLOOKUP function**, the **COUNTIF function**, and **VBA code**.

Prepare a table recording the **PASS **and **FAIL **status for students. Now we need to exclude students who are listed in PASS column but also listed in FAIL.

Table of Contents

## 1. Exclude Values from One Column by VLOOKUP Function

**Step1:** Insert a new column between column B and column C. Then in C2 enter the formula

`=VLOOKUP(B2,$D$2:$D$6,1,FALSE)`

**Step2:** Click **Enter**. Verify that Ada is displayed in this cell.

**Step3:** Drag down the fill handle. Verify that C2:C11 are filled with returned values of **VLOOKUP** function.

Through the screenshot we can see that values need to be removed are displayed in column C.

**Step4:** Create a filter on C1. Select row 1, click **Data** in ribbon, select **Filter**.

**Step5:** Click arrow button in C1, then **Sort & Filter** dialog is displayed. Check on **Select All** option first (this operation will activate all options checked), then uncheck **#N/A**. Click **OK**.

Then values need to be excluded are filtered in column B.

**Step6:** Now you can highlight them or remove them per your request. If you want to highlight them, just select the range marked in red in above screenshot, and click **Home->Fill Color** button to highlight them.

If you want to remove them, just copy this column to another worksheet, and then filter text by color.

Then delete these filtered cells (press **F5 **to trigger **Go To** dialog, and then click **Special** button, check on **Visible cells only** option and click **OK**, all visible cells are selected, then you can delete them). Copy and paste updated column to column B again.

## 2. Exclude Values from One Column by COUNTIF Function

Steps are similar with VLOOKUP function.

**Step1:** Insert a new column between column B and column C. Then in C2 enter the formula:

`=COUNTIF($D$2:$D$6,B2)`

**COUNTIF** function is used for counting how many times B2 appears in range $D$2:$D$6. If B2 value appears in the selected range, **COUNTIF** returns the times B2 appears, if B2 doesn’t appear, **COUNTIF** returns 0.

**Step2: **Drag down the fill handle till reaching the last cell in column C. Verify that **C2:C11** are filled with returned value 1 or 0.

For values in column B, if 1 is displayed in its adjacent cell of column C, this value should be excluded.

Now you can follow **step#4-#6** in **method1** to exclude them.

## 3. Exclude Values from One Column Based on Another Column with VBA Code

If you want to exclude values from one column based on values in another column with VBA code, and return an array result, you can use the following steps:

**Step1:** Open the Excel workbook and press **ALT + F11** to open the Visual Basic Editor.

**Step2:** Click on **Insert** > **Module** to add a new module to the workbook.

**Step3:** Paste the following code into the module. Close the Visual Basic Editor and return to the Excel workbook.

```
Sub ExcludeValues_excelhow()
Dim rng1 As Range, rng2 As Range, destRange As Range
Dim arr1 As Variant, arr2 As Variant, result() As Variant
Dim i As Long, j As Long, k As Long, flag As Boolean
' Prompt for the first range of values
Set rng1 = Application.InputBox("Select the first range of values to exclude from:", Type:=8)
If rng1 Is Nothing Then Exit Sub
' Prompt for the second range of values
Set rng2 = Application.InputBox("Select the range of values to exclude based on:", Type:=8)
If rng2 Is Nothing Then Exit Sub
' Prompt for the destination cell
Set destRange = Application.InputBox("Select the destination cell:", Type:=8)
If destRange Is Nothing Then Exit Sub
' Convert the input ranges to arrays
arr1 = rng1.Value
arr2 = rng2.Value
' Exclude values based on the second range
ReDim result(1 To UBound(arr1, 1), 1 To 1)
For i = 1 To UBound(arr1, 1)
flag = False
For j = 1 To UBound(arr2, 1)
If arr1(i, 1) = arr2(j, 1) Then
flag = True
Exit For
End If
Next j
If Not flag Then
k = k + 1
result(k, 1) = arr1(i, 1)
End If
Next i
' Resize the result array
'ReDim Preserve result(1 To k, 1 To 1)
' Write the result to the destination cell
destRange.Resize(k, 1).Value = result
End Sub
```

**Step4:** Press **ALT + F8** to open the **Macros** dialog box. Select the “**ExcludeValues_excelhow**” macro and click on the “**Run**” button.

**Step5:** select the first range of values to exclude from.

**Step6:** select the range of values to exclude based on.

**Step7:** select the destination cell to place the result.

**Step8:** The macro will exclude the values from the first range based on the values in the second range and write the result to the destination cell.

## 4. Conclusion

Now you should have a clear understanding of how to implement each of these methods and choose the one that suits your needs best.

## 5. Related Functions

- Excel VLOOKUP function

The Excel VLOOKUP function lookup a value in the first column of the table and return the value in the same row based on index_num position.The syntax of the VLOOKUP function is as below:= VLOOKUP (lookup_value, table_array, column_index_num,[range_lookup])…. - Excel COUNTIF function

The Excel COUNTIF function will count the number of cells in a range that meet a given criteria. This function can be used to count the different kinds of cells with number, date, text values, blank, non-blanks, or containing specific characters.etc.= COUNTIF (range, criteria)…