This post will guide you how to use conditional statements in MS excel VBA. There are two most useful conditional statements as bellows: If …Then…Else and Select Case.
This statement will test a condition and if the condition is true, then the conditional code will be executed. If the condition is false, then a different conditional code is executed.
The syntax of the IF …Then…Else statement is:
If conditional1 Then
Conditinal1 code (code will be executed if conditinal1 is true)
ElseIf Conditional2 Then
Conditinal2 code (code will be executed if conditinal2 is true)
Code (if all of the above conditionals are false, this code will be executed)
Example1: if the value of cell is “excelhow.net” and then set the font size to 40 or set the font size to 5.
Type the below VBA codes in the Visual Basic Editor:
Sub ifStatementdemo1() If ActiveCell.Value = "excelhow.net" Then ActiveCell.Font.Size = 40 Else ActiveCell.Font.Size = 5 End If End Sub
VBA Select Case Statement
The “Select Case” statement is similar to the If … Then … Else statement… it will check expression/variable if matches the case statement values, if yes, the code will be executed under this case statement.
The syntax of the Select Case statement is:
Select Case Expression
Case statement code1 (to be executed if expression equal to Value1)
Case statement code2 (to be executed if expression equal to Value2)
Case statement else(to be executed if none of values match expression)
Example1: VBA Select Case statement example
1# open visual Basic Editor, then insert a module and name as :mySelectCaseDemo1
2# enter into the below VBA codes in code window.
Sub mySelectCaseDemo1() Dim mySales As Integer mySales = ActiveCell.Value Select Case mySales Case Is < 0 cRate = 0 Case Is <= 500 cRate = 0.05 Case Is <= 2000 cRate = 0.1 Case Else cRate = 0.2 End Select MsgBox "cRate is" & cRate End Sub
3# back to workbook and run the above macro.