# Excel FV Function

This post will guide you how to use Excel FV function with syntax and examples in Microsoft excel.

### Description

The Excel FV function used to calculate the future value of an investment based on a constant interest rate. So you can use the FV function to get the future value of an investment with either periodic, constant payments.

The FV function is a build-in function in Microsoft Excel and it is categorized as a Financial Function.

The FV function is available in Excel 2016, Excel 2013, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2011 for Mac.

**Syntax**

The syntax of the FV function is as below:

=FV(rate,nper,pmt,[pv],[type])

Where the FV function arguments are:

**Rate**-This is a required argument. The interest rate per period.**Nper**– This is a required argument. The total number of payment periods for the annuity.**Pmt**– This is a required argument. The amount of the payment made each period. And if the Pmt argument is omitted, it will set as the default value 0.**Pv**– This is an optional argument. The present value of the payments. And if the PV argument is omitted, it will be set the default value as 0.**Type**– This is an optional argument. It indicates when the payments are due. And if the type argument is omitted, it will be set as 0. And the Type argument can have two value 0 or 1.

Set type equal to |
If payments are due |

0 | At the end of the period |

1 | At the beginning of the period |

**Note: **

- The units for rate and nper should be consistent. If you make monthly payments on a four-year loan at 12 percent annual interest, and you should use 12%/12 for rate and 4*12 for nper. If you make annual payments on the same loan, you need to use 12% for rate and 4 for nper.
- For all the arguments, cash you pay out, such as deposits to savings, is represented by negative numbers; cash you receive, such as dividend checks, is represented by positive numbers.

**Excel FV Function Examples**

The below examples will show you how to use Excel FV Function to calculate the future value of an investment with a constant interest rate.

**#1** to get the future value of an investment, using the following formula:

=FV (B1/12,B2,B3,B4,B5)

**Related Functions**

- Excel IPMT Function

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Excel NPER Function

The Excel NPER function returns the number of periods for an investment or loan based on periodic payment amount and a constant interest rate.The syntax of the NPER function is as below:= NPER (rate, pmt, pv, [fv], [type])… - Excel NPV Function

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The Excel PMT function returns the payment amount for a loan or investment based on constant payments and a constant interest rate.The syntax of the PMT function is as below:**=**PMT(rate, nper, pv,[fv],[type])… - Excel PPMT Function

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The Excel PV function returns the present value of a loan or investment based on constant payments and a constant interest rate. So you can use the PV function to get the present value based on a series of future payments.The syntax of the PV function is as below:= PV(rate,nper,pmt,[fv],[type])…