# Excel NPER Function

This post will guide you how to use **Excel NPER function** with syntax and examples in Microsoft excel.

Table of Contents

### Description

The Excel NPER function returns the number of periods for an investment or loan based on periodic payment amount and a constant interest rate.

The NPER function is a build-in function in Microsoft Excel and it is categorized as a Financial Function.

The NPER function is available in Excel 2016, Excel 2013, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2011 for Mac.

### Syntax

The syntax of the NPER function is as below:

= NPER (rate, pmt, pv, [fv], [type])

Where the NPER function arguments are:

**Rate**-This is a required argument. The interest rate per period.**Pmt**– This is a required argument. The amount of the payment made each period. And if the Pmt argument is omitted, it will set as the default value 0.**Pv**– This is an optional argument. The present value of the payments. And if the PV argument is omitted, it will be set the default value as 0.**FV**– This is an optional argument. The Future value of the loan/investment at the end of nper payments. If it is omitted, it will be set the default value as 0.**Type**– This is an optional argument. It indicates when the payments are due. And if the type argument is omitted, it will be set as 0. And the Type argument can have two value 0 or 1.

Set type equal to |
If payments are due |

0 | At the end of the period |

1 | At the beginning of the period |

**Excel NPER Function Examples**

The below examples will show you how to use Excel NPER Function to get the number of payment periods for a loan.

**#1** to get the periods for the investment, using the following formula:

=NPER(B1/12,B2,B3,B4,B5)

**Related Functions**

- Excel FV Function

The Excel FV function used to calculate the future value of an investment based on a constant interest rate. The syntax of the FV function is as below:=FV(rate,nper,pmt,[pv],[type])… - Excel IPMT Function

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The Excel MIRR function returns the modified internal rate of return for a series of cash flows and the cash flows must be occurred at regular intervals (monthly or annually). The syntax of the MIRR function is as below:=MIRR(values, finance_rate,reinvest_rate)… - Excel NPV Function

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The Excel PMT function returns the payment amount for a loan or investment based on constant payments and a constant interest rate.The syntax of the PMT function is as below:**=**PMT(rate, nper, pv,[fv],[type])… - Excel PPMT Function

The Excel PPMT function returns the payment amount on the principal for a given period for a loan or investment based on constant payments and a constant interest rate. The syntax of the PPMT function is as below:=PPMT(rate, per,nper, pv,[fv],[type])… - Excel RATE Function

The Excel RATE function returns the interest rate per payment period of an annuity.The syntax of the RATE function is as below:=RATE(nper, pmt,pv,[fv],[type],[guess])… - Excel PV Function

The Excel PV function returns the present value of a loan or investment based on constant payments and a constant interest rate. So you can use the PV function to get the present value based on a series of future payments.The syntax of the PV function is as below:= PV(rate,nper,pmt,[fv],[type])…

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