Google Sheets PROPER Function

This post will guide you how to use Google Sheets PROPER function with syntax and examples.


The Google Sheets PROPER function capitalizes the first character in each word of a text string and set other characters to lowercase .

The PROPER function can be used to capitalize each word in a specified text string in google sheet. And you need to know that numbers, spaces and punctuation are not affected in this function.

The PROPER function is a build-in function in Google Sheets and it is categorized as a Text Function.


The syntax of the PROPER function is as below:

= PROPER (text)

Where the PROPER function arguments are:

  • text -This is a required argument. The text string that you want to convert to lowercase.


  • The PROPER function only takes one argument. It capitalizes each word in a given text string. And one argument can be a text string or a cell reference. The PROPER function will lowercase any uppercase letters firstly, and then capitalize each word in the given text string in google sheets.
  • Numbers characters inside a text string are not affected in LOWER function.
  • Spaces and punctuation character are also not affected in LOWER function.

Google Sheets PROPER Function Examples

The below examples will show you how to use google sheets PROPER function to set the first character to uppercase in each word and set the rest characters in each word to lowercase.

#1 To proper case of the text string in B1 cell, just using formula:


google sheets proper function1

#2 Using PROPER function to convert a text string containing numbers or punctuation characters, just using formula:

=PROPER("gOogle sheet-2021")  //it returns “Google Sheet-2021”

google sheets proper function1


You can use the LOWER function to convert a specified string to lowercase in Google Sheets. And you can also use another function called UPPER function to convert a specified string to uppercase. And if you wish to capitalize each wrd in a specified string, you can use the PROPER function in google sheets.