Excel VARPA Function
This post will guide you how to use the VARPA function with syntax and examples in Microsoft excel.
Table of Contents
Description
The Excel VARPA function returns the variance of a population based on an entire population of numbers, text, or logical values. The variance is used to identify the amount that the values vary from the average value across a set of values. And if you want to calculate the variance for a sample of the population, you can use the VARA function.
The VARPA function is a buildin function in Microsoft Excel and it is categorized as a Statistical Function.
The VARPA function is available in Excel 2016, Excel 2013, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2003, Excel XP, Excel 2000, Excel 2011 for Mac.
Syntax
The syntax of the VARPA function is as below:
= VARPA (value1, [value2], ..)
Where the VARA function arguments are:
 Value1This is a required argument. The first number, text or logical value or cell reference in a sample of a population.
 Value2 This is an optional argument. Value arguments 2 to 255 corresponding to a sample of a population. And it can only accept up to 30 number arguments in Excel 2003 or older.
Note:
 Arguments can be the following: numbers; names, arrays, or references that contain numbers; text representations of numbers; or logical values, such as TRUE and FALSE, in a reference.
 Arguments that contain TRUE evaluate as 1; arguments that contain text or FALSE evaluate as 0 (zero).
 The VARPA function is only used for its arguments are an entire population. and if the argument represents a sample of the population, you need to use the VARA function to calculate the variance.
 Arguments that are error values or text that cannot be translated into numbers cause errors.
 If the argument contain the logical values and text representations of numbers and those values will be counted.
Excel VARPA Function Examples
The below examples will show you how to use Excel VARPA Function to calculate the variance for data that represents the entire population.
1# to get variance of an entire population of data, using the following formula:
=VARPA (A1:A2)
Related Functions

Excel VARA Function
The Excel VARA function returns the variance of a population based on a sample of numbers, text, or logical values. The syntax of the VARA function is as below:= VARA (value1, [value2], ..)… 
Excel VAR Function
The Excel VAR function returns the variance of a population based on a sample of numbers. This function has been replaced by the VAR.S function in Excel 2010. The syntax of the VAR function is as below:=VAR(number1,[number2],…)… 
Excel VARP Function
The Excel VARP function returns the variance of a population based on an entire population of numbers. The syntax of the VARP function is as below:=VARP(number1,[number2],…)…
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