Excel ATAN2 Function

This post will guide you how to use Excel ATAN2 function with syntax and examples in Microsoft excel.

Description

The Excel ATAN2 function returns the arctangent, or inverse tangent, of the specified x- and y-coordinates. And you can use the ATAN2 function to calculate the arctangent of a given x and y coordinates. The returned value is an angle between –pi/2 and pi/2.

The ATAN2 function is a build-in function in Microsoft Excel and it is categorized as a Math and Trigonometry Function.

The ATAN2 function is available in Excel 2016, Excel 2013, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2003, Excel XP, Excel 2000, Excel 2011 for Mac.

Syntax

The syntax of the ATAN2 function is as below:

= ATAN2 (x_num, y_num)

Where the ATAN2 function arguments are:

  • x_num -This is a required argument. The x-coordinate of a point.
  • Y_num – This is a required argument. The y-coordinate of a point.

Note:

  • If the values of both x_num and y_num arguments are 0, the ATAN2 will return the #DIV/0! Error.
  • The returned value of ATAN2(a,b) is equal to the formula ATAN2(b,a).
  • If you want to express the arctangent in degrees, you just need to multiply the result by 180/PI() or you can use the DEGREES function.
  • If the supplied number is not a numeric value, the ATAN function will get the #VALUE! Error。
  • If the returned result is a positive value, it indicates that it is a counterclockwise angle from the x-axis. If the returned result is a negative value, it indicates that it is a clockwise angle.

 Excel ATAN2 Function Examples

The below examples will show you how to use Excel ATAN2 Function to return the arctangent of x and y coordinates.

1# get the arctangent of the x- and y-coordinates 2,2 in radians, enter the following formula in Cell B1.

=ATAN2(2,2)

excel atan2 examples1

The returned result is 0.785398.

2# get the arctangent of the x- and y-coordinates -2,-2 in radians, -3*pi/4, using the following formula in Cell B2.

=ATAN2(-2,-2)

excel atan2 examples2

This formula will return the value -2.35619.

3# get the arctangent of the x- and y-coordinates 2,2 in degrees, using the following formula in Cell B3.

=ATAN2(2,2)*180/PI()

excel atan2 examples3

Or you can use the below formula to achieve the same result:

=DEGREES(ATAN2(2.2))

excel atan2 examples4


Related Functions

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  • Excel DEGREES Function
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